The history of the Red Cross goes back to 1859 at the battle of Solferino in Italy when Henri Dunant devoted himself to the care of the sick and wounded irrespective of friend or foe. This led to the establishment of the International Committee of the Red Cross in 1864. The Japan Red Cross Society began in 1877 during the Seinan Civil War when Tsunetami Sano, Yuzuru Ogyu and others founded the Philanthropy Society called the Hakuaisha based on the same idea as Dunant. The Hakuaisha changed its name to Japanese Red Cross in 1887 and was affiliated with the International Red Cross with approval by the International Committee in the same year. The nursing education at the Japan Red Cross Society started at the Japan Red Cross Society Hospital where first nurses were trained, and many more professionals have been produced since. With these history and tradition, the Japan Red Cross Society formed Japanese Red Cross Womenâs Junior College of Nursing (now Japanese Red Cross College of Nursing) in 1954 and has worked toward elevating the nursing education to a higher level. Japanese Red Cross Kyushu International College of Nursing was established in 2001 as the fourth college of the Japan Red Cross Society.