The spleen is a wedge-shaped organ lying mainly in the left upper quadrant (left hypochondrium and partly in the epigastrium) and is protected by the left 9thto 11th ribs. It is soft, highly vascular and dark purple in colour. Size and weight vary from person-to-person but on average is around 2.5 cm thick, 7.5cm broad and 12.5 cm in length. The spleen has two poles (superior and inferior), three borders and two surfaces (diaphragmatic and visceral). It is enclosed by a thin capsule, which is easily ruptured.
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Last date updated on March, 2021