The Bach Institute of Biochemistry, the first biochemical institution affiliated with the Academy of Sciences, was organized by the Decision of the General Meeting of the Academy on December 18, 1934. The founders of the Institute were the outstanding scientists Academicians Aleksey Nikolaevich Bach and Aleksandr Ivanovich Oparin. Academician A.N. Bach became the first Director of the Institute (1935-1946). Later, the Institute was headed by Academician A.I. Oparin (1946-1980), Corresponding Member of the USSR Academy of Sciences I.V. Berezin (1981-1987), and Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences B.F. Poglazov (1988-2001). Since 2001, the institute has been directed by Prof. V.O. Popov. At present, the Institute is actively involved in educating scientific personnel, including students, postgraduates, and researchers working for the doctorate degree. Together with Moscow State University, institutions such as the Peoples Friendship University of Russia, Moscow State University of the Food Industry, and other institutions of higher education and scientific educational centers have been organized; over 100 students and postgraduates are involved in their work.