Founded in 1946, AIR has been at the forefront of innovation in education and the social and behavioural sciences for seventy years. AIR founder John C. Flanagan was a major figure in American psychology. During World War II he developed the aptitude tests that successfully identified the best candidates to serve as American combat pilots. At AIR he further developed the “critical incident technique,” which the Annual Review of Psychology called one of the "most important personnel selection milestones of the past 60 years." Flanagan went on to apply his technique to education. We now use many of those principles in health and other areas as well.