In our country, the first written text published in 1865, which aims to regulate the working conditions of the Regulation Dilaver Pasha. Working conditions in coal mines with Regulation Dilaver Pasha was trying to be organized. Public Hygiene Law is one of the more important texts. It was published in 1930 and work has brought life to the regulations regarding health and safety. Public Health Act, currently in public health, is used as an important tool in the enforcement of occupational health and safety. Our Constitution, the Code of Obligations and the Labour Code in labor law, occupational health, safety, and regulation in the social security area. In addition, occupational health, work accidents and occupational diseases and sanctions related to Social Security, which function to promote better practices in corporate laws should not be overlooked. Social Security Institution occupational accidents and occupational diseases in 1945, gathered my premium has met the social security needs in this area. During these years, occupational disease has established the knowledge that exists about the missing and other government institutions in fulfilling their functions in the field hospital first hospital in SSK 1949 due to failure to take advantage of the Istanbul Nisantasi Occupational Diseases Hospital. Social Security insurance coverage disease, taken in areas such as maternity insurance have been established by many hospitals and hospital said the hospital has also been translated into service. In the 1970s, occupational disease in the review and evaluation commissioned by Social Security to make and many developed countries, the size of the problem physicians in our country, occupational diseases examined, for example, and "specialized hospitals," reported the establishment of requirements.