After chewing and swallowing, food travels to stomach and small intestine for digestion. After that, most of the nutrients are absorbed in small intestine, and water is absorbed in large intestine together with electrolytes. The food residue becomes stool and passes out through anus. Large intestine is located at abdomen and it consists of rectum, colon, caecum and appendix, it is about 1.5 meters long.Human body is made up of many different types of cells. Normally, cells grow, divide and produce new cells, so as to keep organs functioning properly and healthily.Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a result of uncontrolled growth of cells at large intestinal wall. This abnormal growth forms benign polyps at the beginning, after a long period of time, polyps may turns into malignant tumor, i.e. colorectal cancer.
From medical literatures it becomes more apparent that bowel cancer prevention and early detection are very effective in reducing its occurrence and mortality. Statistics have shown that the incidence of bowel cancer in Hong Kong is increasing in both men and women. At present, the disease is now ranked the city’s second leading cause of cancer deaths.
Because of the changing lifestyle, diet and other environmental factors, we are seeing more and more people being prone to the condition. In a survey conducted in 2006, we found that many people underestimated their risk for the disease, and did not go for regular screening or were simply too afraid or busy to take time out for a medical examination. As a result, treatment is often delayed.
To raise awareness of bowel cancer, attitudes on detection and access to screening, the CUHK Jockey Club Bowel Cancer Education Centre provides health and educational services; support for people who are at risk for bowel cancer; and reach out to the communities through our resources, events and partnerships with other health organizations. We hope to get the message across that early detection and prevention of bowel cancer can save lives.Through the activities mentioned above, we envision a future where bowel cancer incidence and mortality will be significantly reduced. Our goal is to make this vision a reality.