The Centre de recherche politiques Raymond Aron is the research center of the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales that specializes in political philosophy. Created by François Furet in 1982, the centers goal was to give a new basis to the study of politics in France and moving away from the dominant marxist paradigm. Its members have been at the forefront of the rediscovery of the French liberal tradition and the reintroduction of classical philosophy in contemporary political studies.
The centers seminars concentrate on a multidisciplinary approach (Philosophy, History, Sociology and Law). The CRPRA holds seminars solely to Master and Doctorate students. Since 1 January 2010, the Center for Sociological and Political Studies Raymond Aron, CESPRA, has been the result of the merger of two laboratories, the Center for Sociological Studies in Labor and the Arts (CESTA) and the Center for Political Research Raymond Aron (CRPRA).
In the three research axes of CESPRA, Politics and its deviations are considered from the point of view of its forms (axis 1), the states of violence (axis 2) and its boundaries (axis 3). Axis 1 - Forms and political regimes, representative democracy and theories of justification, Axis 2 - Wars, Revolutions, Violence, Axis 3 - The boundaries of politics: individuals and public spaces. Following the thread of a thought that finds its references as well in Aristotle, Mauss or Lefort, "politics" is considered as what holds a society together. In doing so, CESPRA is sensitive to the rooting of the social sciences in modern political philosophy. Anxious to articulate political philosophy and the social sciences of politics, the Centers works have as their main objects the forms of politics (with particular emphasis on representative democracy), their violent transformation (civil wars and revolutions) and the articulation of the social And politics.
It tends to encourage the restoration, in the French social sciences, of bridges between normative argument and positive investigation. According to a tradition of thought that goes back to Aristotle, Mauss and Lefort, the political is what makes a society stand. Along this line of thought, CESPRA is studying the way social sciences find their roots in modern political philosophy. The Politics of Political Science and Political Science: A Comparative Study of the Political and Political Factors of Political Processes Dimension of society. Thus, one of CESPRAs orientations is to build bridges between normative approaches and empirical research.