ABOUT A Center devoted to leading-edge research in the molecular basis of genetic characters of interest in plants and farm animals and in the applications of molecular approaches for breeding of species important for agriculture and food production. Research at CRAG spans from basic science to applied studies in close collaboration with industry RESEARCH Plant Development and Signal Transduction The sessile nature of plants makes these organisms very versatile and plastic in growing and adapting to a broad range and changing environmental conditions. Our common aim is to understand how these changes affect different aspects of plant development. Using a multidisciplinary approach we study aspects such as light perception, photoperiod, circadian clock, hormone signalling, signal transduction, floral transition or flower development, and seed development and germination Plant Responses to Stress Plants have sophisticated mechanisms to defend against attacks of pathogenic organisms and adverse environmental conditions. The research groups integrated in this programme are interested in knowing the molecular mechanisms of recognition, the signalling pathways operating and the responses of plants facing biotic and abiotic stress conditions, including the development of practical applications to potenciate resistances or implement corrective actions. Plant Metabolism and Metabolic Engineering Plants are a primary source of nutrients, materials, and chemicals for humans. The Plant Metabolism and Metabolic Engineering Program aims to generate fundamental knowledge of how plants control their primary and secondary metabolism to respond to environmental cues and eventually improve the quality of plant products. The aims of the Plant and Animal Genomics Program are to understand the genome organization, variability and evolution of different crops and domestic animals and to elucidate the genetics of important traits of species of agricultural interest.