The Diplomatic Academy of Vienna, or simply DA, (in German: Diplomatische Akademie Wien) is a postgraduate professional school based in Vienna, Austria, with focused training for students and professionals in the areas of international affairs, political science, law, languages, history and economics. It is also known as the Vienna School of International Studies, or the École des Hautes Études Internationales de Vienne. The academy was originally commissioned for establishment by Empress Maria Theresa in 1754 as "The Oriental Academy" for the purposes of training young diplomats to represent the Habsburg Empire abroad. The school was renamed multiple times and reorganized over the centuries, and it eventually gained independent public institution status in 1996. Given its roots, DA claims to be the oldest school of its kind, one that is dedicated to professional foreign affairs training. The academy offers graduate degrees only. Students may choose to pursue a two-year program that leads towards either a Master of Advanced International Studies (MAIS) or a Master of Science in Environmental Technology and International Affairs (MSc ETIA) degree. The MAIS program is run in conjunction with the University of Vienna, while the MSc ETIA courses are offered in partnership with the Technical University of Vienna. A one-year "Diploma Programme" is also available to postgraduates. The Diplomatic Academys current director is Dr. Hans Winkler, former Austrian ambassador and State Secretary in the Austrian Federal Ministry for European and International Affairs. Several prominent figures in politics, economics and law have associations with DA: Celso Amorim - former Brazilian Minister of Defence and Foreign Minister and ambassador to the United Kingdom. Amorim graduated from the academy in 1967. JiÅí Gruša - Czech poet and former Czech ambassador to Austria. Served as the academys director from 2005 to 2009. Valentin Inzko - Austrian diplomat, currently serving as the High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina. Graduated in 1974. Kolinda Grabar-KitaroviÄ - 4th President of the Republic of Croatia. Heinz Schaden - Austrian Social Democratic Party politician and current mayor of Salzburg. Attended DA in the 1980s. Kurt Waldheim - former President of Austria and Secretary-General of the United Nations. Graduated from the academy (then known as the Vienna Consular Academy) in 1939. Igor LukšiÄ - Foreign Minister of Montenegro and former Prime Minister. Graduated in 1999.