ENSTA ParisTech was originally the brainchild of Henry-Louis Duhamel du Monceau, inspector general of the Navy. He felt the need to give Navy master the clear idea of physics and mathematics which was making huge progress during that time. After founding the first school in Toulon, he transferred it to Paris in 1741. This date is recognised as the origin of our institution. After undergoing 7 lean years of under-funding, he managed to persuade the duc de Choiseul to reopen it in 1765, and continued to run the school for the rest of his life. At the time, the institute, called School of Engineer-Constructors of Royal Vessels, was housed in the Louvre Palace. Later on, it became known as "Ecole nationale supérieure du Génie Maitime" (National Higher College of Maritime Engineering). In 1970, the Délégation Générale pour lArmement (Arms administration of the Ministry of Defence) merged the school with three of its other establishments: the École Nationale Supérieure des Poudres (Powders and explosives institute), the École Nationale Supérieure de lArmement (Arms engineering institute), the École des Ingénieurs Hydrographes de la Marine (Hydrographic institute). This formed the École Nationale Supérieure de Techniques Avancées (ENSTA), the role of which is to train engineers in the naval, mechanical, nuclear, chemical, electronic and related fields. This university has around 587 diplômle dingénieur" (MSc. in Engineering) students with 28% being foreign students. There are around 343 courses which this university offers of which 31 courses are in law, economics and management, 24 in cultures and communication seminars and 9 different languages are taught. This university has around 180 full time research professors and more than 650 auxiliary teachers. ENSTA Paris Tech belongs to foremost graduate schools of engineering in France. It offers its students a broad education in engineering with the insight of enabling them design, carry out and manage complex projects. ENSTA ParisTech has six academic departments which conduct applied research in close collaboration with industry, as well as fundamental research in certain instances. The wide variety of topics covered reflects the broad array of specialities proposed in education. The research staff is deeply involved in the education and the laboratories provides the physical aspect of education and research departments (UER - Unités denseignement et de recherche). Strong and often institutional ties with other French research institutions (CNRS, INRIA, Ecole Polytechnique, etc.), and with foreign partners, enable ENSTA ParisTechs research staff to operate in the framework of larger units having a strong international status.