Geological Survey of Sweden is a Swedish government agency that was founded in 1858 dealing with questions about the nature of the geological and mineral management in Sweden.
The Geological Survey of Sweden is the expert agency for issues relating to bedrock, soil and groundwater in Sweden. One key task is to meet societys need for geological information. SGU is aslo responsible for the Good-Quality Groundwater objective, which also involves reducing the use of natural gravel. Important tasks are Supporting the development of the mining, rock and mineral industry, Promoting the use of geological information in societal planning, Uniting and strengthening geological research in Sweden, Bringing geology and geological knowledge to the fore in social debate and in schools, The Mining Inspectorate is a separate decision-making body within SGU. It is responsible for issuing permits for minerals exploration and extraction under the Minerals Act (1991:45). SGU currently has some 250 employees, of whom most work at our headquarters in Uppsala. Others are stationed at our regional offices in Gothenburg, Lund, Stockholm, Malå, and also Luleå (Mining Inspectorate). Our annual turnover is around SEK 340 million.
SGU is organised to meet the society’s need for geological information. Our five departments reflect the broadness of SGU’s expertise – we have an economic-political as well as an environmental-political task from the government. One of the departments is the Mining Inspectorate. This is the official body in Sweden responsible for issuing permits for exploration and mining. The Mining Inspectorate is headed by the Chief Mining Inspector. The SGU head office is located in Uppsala. We also have branch offices in Göteborg, Lund, Malå and Stockholm. The offices of the Mining Inspectorate are located in Luleå. Sweden is part of the Fennoscandian Shield, an area of old crystalline and metamorphic rocks, consolidated during hundreds of millions of years. Common rocks are gneiss, granite, granodiorite, sandstone and marble. The overburden is mainly formed by numerous periods of glaciation and deglaciation. The most common soil type is till, covering about 75 % of the landscape. The Swedish landscape is full of variety and has been shaped by dramatic events in its geological history such as earthquakes, volcanism and glaciations. The bedrock and the composition of the soil cover and their geological history have largely shaped the natural conditions and the landscape as it is today, as well as the natural resources that are available to us.