The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) recently launched the Global China Research Program with the goal of understanding China’s global presence and international relations, as well as the global reception of China’s outward engagements. The Program was also a response to the Belt and Road Initiative which was unveiled by Chinese President Xi Jinping in 2013 aiming to promote regional connectivity, economic cooperation, cultural exchanges, and mutual learning among countries along two ancient economic corridors.
Convened by the co-directors of the Hong Kong Institute if Asia-Pacific Studies—Prof. Fanny Cheung, Pro-Vice-Chancellor, and Prof. Stephen Chiu of the Department of Sociology—the Program will look at several themes of research, including the Belt and Road Initiative as a driver for international cooperation; China’s hard and soft power; Chinese diaspora; and last but not least, Hong Kong’s roles and challenges in China’s national development strategy. Scholars from different disciplines, such as business and economics, law, supply chain and logistics, cultural and religious studies, politics, psychology, and sociology, will be involved. A series of research endeavors have already been planned in the near future, including the Academia International Conference on Hong Kong and the World under the Belt and Road Initiative held at CUHK on 17-18 December 2015.
After the launch of mankind's first artificial satellite, Sputnik 1, by the Soviet Union on October 4, 1957, Mao decided during the National Congress of the CPC on May 17, 1958 to make China an equal with the superpowers.We need to develop the artificial satellite too), by adopting Project 581 with the objective of placing a satellite in orbit by 1959 to celebrate the 10th anniversary of the PRC's founding. This goal would be achieved in three phases: developing sounding rockets first, then launching small satellites and in the final phase, large satellites.During the cordial Sino-Soviet relations of the 1950s, the USSR engaged in a cooperative technology transfer program with the PRC under which they trained Chinese students and provided the fledgling program with a sample R-2 rocket. But when Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev was denounced as revisionist, with Mao asserting that there had been a counter-revolution in the Soviet Union and that capitalism had been restored, the friendly relationship between the two countries turned to confrontation. As a consequence, all Soviet technological assistance was abruptly withdrawn after the 1960 Sino-Soviet split.
As the Space Race between the two superpowers reached its climax with the conquest of the Moon, Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai decided on July 14, 1967 that the PRC should not be left behind, and therefore initiated China's own crewed space program. The top-secret Project 714 aimed to put two people into space by 1973 with the Shuguang spacecraft. Nineteen PLAAF pilots were selected for this goal on March 1971. The Shuguang-1 spacecraft to be launched with the CZ-2A rocket was designed to carry a crew of two. The program was officially cancelled on May 13, 1972 for economic reasons, though the internal politics of the Cultural Revolution likely motivated the closure.