Harbor–UCLA Medical Center is a 570-bed public teaching hospital located at 1000 West Carson Street in Torrance, California within Los Angeles County, United States. Harbor–UCLA Medical Center is funded by the County of Los Angeles, and serves as the Level I Trauma Center for the South Bay area. The mission of Harbor-UCLA Medical Center is to provide high quality, cost-effective, patient-centered care through leadership in medical practice, education, and research. Services are provided through an integrated health care system to residents of Los Angeles County regardless of ability to pay A medical facility was originally opened on the site in 1943 as the U.S. Armys Port of Embarkation Hospital, which was a receiving point for the wounded returned from the Pacific theater during World War II. Situated on a tract of 80 acres (32 ha), it had an administration building and a large number of barracks wards arranged under the cottage system. Harbor–UCLA Medical Center is home of the Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute (also known as LA BioMed), which is one of the largest independent, not-for-profit biomedical research institutes in the United States. Originally known as Harbor-UCLA Research and Education Institute (REI), the LA BioMed has been conducting biomedical research, training young scientists and providing community services, including childhood immunization, nutrition assistance and anti-gang violence programs over the past 50 years. Pioneering research in many fields such as reproductive endocrinology, genetics, infectious diseases, trauma and respiratory medicine has brought worldwide attention to the Harbor-UCLA campus. The hospital’s 300 full-time faculty, as well as many of the 450 part-time and voluntary professional staff, hold faculty appointments at the UCLA Geffen School of Medicine and devote their time to clinical care, research, and teaching. Nearly 500 residents and fellows are completing their graduate medical education training at the hospital, aiding the provision of high quality patient care. In addition to serving as a major training site for medical students from the UCLA School of Medicine, Harbor-UCLA also works with staff and medical students from the Charles R. Drew University of Medicine and Science. Harbor-UCLA is also home to the Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute (LA BioMed), one of the largest independent, not-for-profit biomedical research institutes in the United States.