Hong Kong Federation of Students is a student organization founded in May 1958 by the student unions of four high educational institutions in Hong Kong. The inaugural committee comprises of seven members representing the four schools namely Chinese University, Lingnan University, Hong Kong Shue Yan University and Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. The main purpose behind the establishment of this organization was to promote student movements and student body’s engagement in society.
Hong Kong Federation of Students is convened by the representatives of the university student unions. The representatives are elected by the university students. A standing committee of this organization is appointed by the council. Later it has turned out to an organization which comprises of students form seven top universities which include Hong Kong Chinese University Student Union, Hong Kong Polytechnic University Student Union, Lingnan University Student Union, Hong Kong Shuren University Student Union, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology Student Union.
Hong Kong federation of Students have been involved in many movements that took place in Hong Kong. One of them is the Umbrella movement, which was a pro-democracy movement that created spontaneously during the Hong Kong protests of 2014. The movement demanded genuine democracy in future chief executive elections. Some democratic activists criticized the HKFS for failing to lead the movement. In early 2015, five of the member organisations held disaffiliation referenda. Four passed, reducing the number of member organisations from eight to four. It also took part in China wide demonstrations and strikes.