The university was established in 1974 as Anhui Normal University at Huaibei. Permitted by the State Council and built up as Huaibei Coal Industry Teachers College in December, 1978, it was allotted to be regulated by the former Ministry of Coal Industry and began to select students from all over China. After September of 1998, the college worked in an administration arrangement of "being mutually developed by both the central and Anhui city governments, yet fundamentally managed by the latter". The university was approved to give master degrees in 2003 and got “Excellence” level in the quality level assessment of undergraduate education directed by the Ministry of Education in 2007. In 2009, HNU was selected as an organization with the affirmed program of developing it into a unit with the privilege to present doctoral degrees and was additionally endorsed to build up postdoctoral posts in Anhui Province. Around the same time, it consented to an arrangement with Anhui University to mutually develop doctoral degree competitors.
There are presently more than 20,000 full-time undergraduate and post-graduate students at school, 18 schools and 56 undergraduate specialties in HNU. It has turned into a key college in Anhui Province with a huge scale in school-running, a wide scope of the disciplinary classifications and distinctive features. The university covers an aggregate zone of 140 hectares with more than 500,000 square meters of floor area. Up to now, the university has put away around 1,530,000 books in its library. The college now has 4 common level key labs, 2 commonplace level key research centers of humanities and sociologies, 17 characteristic discipline labs mutually developed by both the central and Anhui civil governments, 4 provincial-level model centers for exploratory instructing of foundation courses. There are likewise a partnered trial secondary school, 1 exploratory elementary school and 106 normal graduation fieldwork bases.
At present, there are 920 full-time faculties in the university, and among them 659 have their post-graduation degrees and 177 of them have PhD degrees. Up to now, 442 faculty members have been met with senior expert titles with 107 of them entitled Professors. Among the teachers there are 2 academicians, 1 state-level individual from the "New Century Hundred, Thousand, and Ten Thousand Talent Project", 3 "Wanjiang Scholar" chair professors, 2 provincial outstanding specialty talents, 6 provincial-level star instructors, 6 provincial-level level academic and technological leading educators, 8 extraordinary college disciplinary talent in Anhui, 27 college disciplinary leading instructors among the youthful and moderately aged in Anhui, 57 magnificent youthful college instructors in Anhui, 14 "State-level Excellent Teachers" or "May first Labor Medal" victors, 13 educators getting a charge out of unique government stipend.
The university has as of now undertaken 79 teaching research projects at provincial-level or above amid the most recent 5 years, among which there are 23 key ones. It has won 29 prizes in teaching accomplishments in the same period, with 1 unique prize, 7 first prizes and 8 second. It has attempted 65 state-level and 330 provincial-level non-teaching research projects and has won 25 provincial-level or ministerial-level prizes in non-teaching research with 2 state-level prizes. The university now has 4 ministerial-level key research facilities, 5 commonplace level key disciplines, 1 commonplace level scientific and technological development teams, 3 commonplace level great teaching groups, 1 common level experimental community for advancement of talent development mode, 8 common level courses with priority in construction and 19 commonplace level competitive courses.