Institute for Research and Coordination in Acoustics/Music is a French institute for science about music and sound and avant garde electro-acoustical art music. It is situated next to, and is organisationally linked with, the Centre Pompidou in Paris. John Chowning pioneered work on FM synthesis at IRCAM, and Miller Puckette originally wrote Max at IRCAM in the mid-1980s, which would become the real-time audio processing graphical programming environment Max/MSP. It is one of the world’s leading public research institutes within the fields of musical expression, musical research, sound, and acoustics. In the realms of music, sound, and acoustics, IRCAM is at the forefront of scientific and technological innovations and several concepts in electronic music and audio processing have emerged there. Founded by Pierre Boulez, IRCAM is an institute under the aegis of the Centre Pompidou and the French Ministry of Culture. IRCAM has played an instrumental role in developing programs for visualization of musical form with the creation of Open Music, a Lisp-based visual programming language. IRCAM provides classes to train composers in music technology. Research: Instrumental acoustics Room acoustics Music therapy Musical perception and cognition Analysis/synthesis Music representations Free software and software engineering Sound design Online services Statistics: IRCAM Forum has 534 members including individual artists and art institutions around the world IRCAM Forum members gather yearly at IRCAM for workshops regarding new technologies developed at IRCAM Notable works composed at IRCAM: Hanspeter Kyburz , Georges Aperghis, Luciano Berio, John Cage, Jonathan Harvey et al.