he Institute of Evolutionary Biology (IBE) was formally founded in July 2008, as a joint Institute of the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) and the Pompeu Fabra University (UPF). Nowadays, IBE activity involves more than a hundred people and 18 research groups distributed in five scientific programs related to Evolutionary Biology research. The scope and general research goals of the IBE focus on biological evolution. Indeed, one of the great challenges of the 21st century, after the publication of the Human Genome Sequence and many other species, is the description and understanding of biodiversity, either within species (variation, polymorphism) and/or between species (divergence), as an important element to understand the essential mechanisms of life. In this context, evolutionary biology provides the key tools and concepts. Thus, the main IBE mission is to promote knowledge and research excellence in evolutionary biology. The basis of the IBE, and its main peculiarity, is to address biodiversity studies describing functional and evolutionary genomics at all levels of observation: molecular, biochemical, physiological, and morphological. The IBE project vision, defined as the projection of the long-term future of the institute, is to be a centre of international reference in the study of biodiversity, in the broadest sense, and its evolution, from a molecular and genomic perspective. Establishing the foundations of a multidisciplinary approach, not limited to the evolution from a mere biological approach, but extended to the human sciences in the broadest sense.