Institute of Chemical Process Fundamentals, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic which is one of the six institutes of ASCR chemical sciences section and is a research centre of fields such as chemistry, biochemistry, catalysis and environment. The research topics include multiphase reaction systems for the design of chemical synthesis, chemical processes and new materials development. Its national and international reputation is ascertained by its participation in EU financed research projects, such as EUCAARI or MULTIPRO. The MATINOES project was evaluated to belong to one of the 20 best projects. This institute was founded at the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences in 1960 and was considered to be a multidisciplinary research institution. Professor Vladimír BaÅ¾ant, was a chemical technologist founder and the first director with a broad perspective who valued modern concepts. Without him the invention of new processes would not be possible. This led him to invite Professor George L. Standart, a chemical engineer who started the way for development of chemical engineering in Czechoslovakia in 1960s. Chemical engineering research could not be done without a solid base in physical chemistry. This field of research was introduced by Professor Eduard Hála and his team of physical chemists in 1964. The new research branches of chemical engineering and chemical technology were developed such as reaction engineering, homogeneous catalysis, studies of Non-Newtonian fluids, sublimation, separation processes, dynamics and control of chemical systems etc. Most of these new topics were introduced as necessary support to a large and long-term project of development of a complete production technology of terephthalic acid, a polyester. In 1989 several structures were carried out that lead to firing of staff by 50%. There are 12 departments in this University. They are: Eduard Hála Laboratory of Separation Processes, Laboratory of Aerosols Chemistry and Physics, Department of Catalysis and Reaction Engineering, Department of Multiphase Reactors, Department of Analytical and Material Chemistry, Environmental Process Engineering Laboratory, Secretariat, Administration, Library, IT department, Mechanical workshop, Services. The main research activities that are done here are: Molecular theory and computer simulations of fluid systems, Thermodynamics of fluid systems, PVT behaviour of pure compounds and mixtures and phase equilibrium, Research and development of microreactors, Fundamentals of processes using supercritical fluids, Advanced catalytical processes, morphology, and properties of catalysts, preparation of catalysts, Study and preparation of nanomaterials and nanofibers, Texture of porous substances and transport phenomena in porous substances, Membrane separations, pervaporation a permeation, Study and application of biocatalysts, bioremediation, Structure, reactivity and catalytic activity of organometallic complexes, NMR spectroscopy, Fluidized bed combustion and gasification, Photochemical reactions in microwave field and microwave technology, Fluid dynamics an transport phenomena in multiphase systems, Rheologic properties of microdispersions and liquids, Aerosol chemistry and physics, Laser-induced chemical reactions and aerosol processes for preparation of new compounds and composites. Postgraduate studies are accredited by the Ministry of Education, Youth, and Sports of the Czech Republic for mutual programs of ICPF and all the faculties of ICT Prague and other faculties of Czech universities in the following fields: Chemical Engineering, Physical Chemistry, Organic Technology, Organic chemistry, Inorganic chemistry, Biotechnology, Chemistry and technology of environmental protection. There are many other research projects going on in this university like: EUSAAR - European Supersites for Atmospheric Aerosol Research, FLEXGAS - Near zero advanced fluidised bed gasification, HUGE2 - Hydrogen Oriented Underground Coal Gasification for Europe - Environmental and Safety Aspects, Separation of volatile organic compounds from air, Modern theoretical methods for the analysis of chemical bonding, Preparation of Ti/O/Si based photocatalysts by laser induced CVD and sol-gel technique.
The following is the list of proceedings by scholars from Institute of Chemical Process Fundamentals that are published in OMICS International journals and conferences.
Martin Topiar, Marie Cerhova, Zdenka Zachova and Marie Sajfrtova