The Institute of Materials Science (ICMS) was developed in 1986. In 1996, it moved to new premises at the Isla de la Cartuja, consolidating with two other Mixed Institutes to make up the Isla de la Cartuja Scientific Research Centre (Junta de Andalucia - Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas - Universidad de Sevilla). The Institute involves three research units housed in the working at the Isla de la Cartuja and an outside unit at the Physics Faculty on the Reina Mercedes grounds. Today it joins examine gatherings of CSIC and the University of Seville. The point of these gatherings is to join endeavours in different territories of strong state physical science and science, physical science of surfaces, and other related controls of materials science. Such action looks to add to logical improvement inside the Research Plans of both provincial and state specialists, and their EU counterparts, in the field of materials science and innovation.
The CSIC’s Board of Governors, in its meeting from the 22nd December 2004, passed the proposal to recognize the Associated Unit titled “Laboratory of Photocatalysis and Elec-trochemistry Applied to the Environment”, of the University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria through the Material Science Institute of Seville.
The main research lines are: “Photocatalysis for environmental processes” “Spectroscopical-electrochemistry applied to environment” “Natural processes for the treatment of waste water”.
The associated Research Units include:
• Catalysis for environment and energy
Synthesis procedures of supported and structured catalysts for pollution control and hydrogen production, Application of microchannel reactor technology for pollution abatement and hydrogen production
The line is able of addressing answers to the catalytic problems from the very basic aspects to the manufacturing of state-of-the-art devices (microreactors) due to the acquired knowledge in other fields of Materials Science.
• Engineered Ceramics for Extreme Environments
Pioneer laboratory at international scale in the development of bioinspired SiC-based ceramics and tailoring of its properties, Strong expertise in the study of mechanical behaviour and microstructure in ceramics and the study of lamellar silicates and functional mesoporous materials, Strong industrial interaction as driving force of the research orientation.
• Mechanochemistry and Reactivity of Materials
Exhaustive control of the chemical processing to produce tailored materials, New scientific equipments for processing and characterisation of materials at high temperature. Solid background and international recognition on Thermal Analysis, Mechanochemistry, Development of non-destructive techniques for Cultural Heritage studies.
• Nanostructured Functional Materials
Pioneer works in the field of design and integration of photonic nanostructures in solar cells and sensors, Participation in or Coordination of large Spanish and European consortia with similar scientific and technological goals; Well-established links to industrial partners.
• Tailored Nanomaterials and Microstructure
Very well positioned in the magnetron sputtering technology for deposition of nanostructured coatings for mechanical, tribological and protective applications, Very well positioned in the physical and chemical approach synthesis methodologies of nanostructured materials like sol-gel, colloidal synthesis and gas phase condensation.
The various resrach outcomes are listed below:
• Gold promoted Cu/ZnO/Al2O3 catalysts prepared from hydrotalcite precursors: Advanced materials for the WGS reaction.
• Pt-impregnated catalysts on powdery SiC and other commercial supports for the combustion of hydrogen under oxidant conditions.
• Structuring Pt/CeO2/Al2O3 WGS catalyst: Introduction of buffer layer.
• Study of the E. coli elimination from urban wastewater over photocatalysts based on metallized TiO2.
• Electron injection and scaffold effects in perovskite solar cells.