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The Mountain Livestock Institute (IGM) is a shared joint ownership center between the Higher Council for Scientific Research (CSIC) and the University of León (ULE). The IGM, attached to the area of ââAgricultural Sciences of the CSIC and located in the province of León, arises from the will of both entities to promote research in livestock in the north of Spain.
It is a public research center whose mission is to generate the scientific knowledge needed to modernize the management and technology of traditional agroforestry and silvopastoral systems, as well as to characterize and value both marketable and intangible services and goods (conservation of the environment And the landscape) they produce.
The general scientific objective of the Institute is directed to research in areas related to nutrition, production and animal health, mainly ruminants, and to the relationship between livestock systems and land use. The aim is to contribute to improving current production systems in terms of yield, animal health and welfare, interaction with the environment (land use, pollution, etc.) and the quality of the products obtained.
In the IGM, in addition to investigating, both the training of researchers and technicians as well as collaborative training in graduate and postgraduate training are carried out. In addition, the Institute has a clear vocation for cooperation with the productive sector, embodied in contracts and collaboration agreements with companies, for the application of technological advances.
The main office of the Institute is located in Grulleros (León). It houses the central building of laboratories, offices, administrative area and the Experimental Marzanas Farm, with a surface area of ââ24 hectares and equipped with an experimentation room for ruminants. In the near future the IGM will have a Mountain site, located in Camposolillo (upper Porma district, León), where an experimental ship will be available and material resources (grazing areas and animals, among others) and Human resources offered by the company Valles del Esla, SA, according to the conditions of a collaboration agreement signed between the CSIC and the aforementioned company.
The scientific activity of the Department seeks to respond to the current need of the livestock sector to improve the productivity of the farms, through formulas compatible with the conservation of the environment, to compete in an increasingly global and demanding market, as far as To the quality of the products and, especially, to the forms of production.
At present there is a social demand for revaluation of natural resources for their enjoyment in the leisure periods of a growing urban society. To do this, we intend to deepen our knowledge of the dynamics of vegetation through the use of bioindicators that allow us to know the availability and diversity of resources necessary for livestock production and conservation of the environment, without neglecting the alterations derived from possible changes Climatic conditions.
The scientific activity of the Department of Animal Health focuses on the interdisciplinary investigation of parasitic and infectious etiology problems, with high sanctity and economic interest that affect herbivores, with special attention to ruminants.
The objective of the research is to generate information on different factors (epidemiological, immunological, nutritional and genetic, among others), with special attention to the mechanisms responsible for the host / pathogen relationship, involved in parasitic and infectious diseases of importance in Animal Health Of herbivores, through studies in natural and experimental conditions.