Waste management or Waste disposal is all the activities and actions required to manage waste from its inception to its final disposal.This includes amongst other things, collection, transport, treatment and disposal of waste together with monitoring and regulation. It also encompasses the legal and regulatory framework that relates to waste management encompassing guidance on recycling etc.
The term normally relates to all kinds of waste, whether generated during the extraction of raw materials, the processing of raw materials into intermediate and final products, the consumption of final products, or other human activities, including municipal (residential, institutional, commercial), agricultural, and social (health care, household hazardous waste, sewage sludge). Waste management is intended to reduce adverse effects of waste on health, the environment or aesthetics.
The Autonomous Morelos State University (UAEM for its acronym in Spanish), aware of the environmental and socioeconomic impact that its activities may cause, has assumed its responsibility on the environmental commitment. With the institutionalization of the University Environmental Management Program (PROGAU for its acronym in Spanish), the UAEM has created an environmental politic in long term with the objective of sustainability, supported by the rectory and with a well defined inner organization. The objective of PROGAU is to include the environmental dimension in substantive and adjective activities of the UAEM. This includes five strategic areas, most notably the Integral Management of Wastes, favouring the reduction of the generation, reuse, separation and recycling of wastes generated in the UAEM. The environmental management at the UAEM has a long term vision that promotes the environmental education and research as ways of development and links with extern institutions for the communication and broadcasting of scientific knowledge.
There have been proposals for reactors that consume nuclear waste and transmute it to other, less-harmful nuclear waste. In particular, the Integral Fast Reactor was a proposed nuclear reactor with a nuclear fuel cycle that produced no transuranic waste and in fact, could consume transuranic waste. It proceeded as far as large-scale tests, but was then canceled by the US Government. Another approach, considered safer but requiring more development, is to dedicate subcritical reactors to the transmutation of the left-over transuranic elements.
There have also been theoretical studies involving the use of fusion reactors as so called "actinide burners" where a fusion reactor plasma such as in a tokamak, could be "doped" with a small amount of the "minor" transuranic atoms which would be transmuted (meaning fissioned in the actinide case) to lighter elements upon their successive bombardment by the very high energy neutrons produced by the fusion of deuterium and tritium in the reactor. A study at MIT found that only 2 or 3 fusion reactors with parameters similar to that of the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) could transmute the entire annual minor actinide production from all of the light water reactors presently operating in the United States fleet while simultaneously generating approximately 1 gigawatt of power from each reactor.