International Commission on Radiological Protection
The work of the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) helps to prevent cancer and other diseases and effects associated with exposure to ionising radiation, and to protect the environment.
Since 1928, ICRP has developed, maintained, and elaborated the International System of Radiological Protection used world-wide as the common basis for radiological protection standards, legislation, guidelines, programmes, and practice.
ICRP has published more than one hundred reports on all aspects of radiological protection. Most address a particular area within radiological protection, but a handful of publications, the so-called fundamental recommendations, each describe the overall system of radiological protection. The International System of Radiological Protection has been developed by ICRP based on (i) the current understanding of the science of radiation exposures and effects and (ii) value judgements. These value judgements take into account societal expectations, ethics, and experience gained in application of the system.
ICRP is an independent, international organisation with more than two hundred volunteer members from approximately thirty countries across six continents. These members represent the leading scientists and policy makers in the field of radiological protection.
ICRP is funded through a number of ongoing contributions from organisations with an interest in radiological protection.
ICRP is comprised of a Main Commission, a Scientific Secretariat, five standing Committees (on Effects, Doses, Medicine, Application, and the Environment), and a series of Task Groups and Working Parties.
The Main Commission and the Scientific Secretariat work together to direct, organize, and oversee the work of ICRP. All ICRP reports are approved by the Main Commission prior to publication.
The Committees advise the Main Commission in their area of expertise. They direct the work of Task Groups, and play an important role in ensuring the quality of ICRP reports.
Task Groups are established to undertake a specific task, normally the production of a single ICRP publication, and are generally comprised of a mixture of Committee members and other experts in the field invited to contribute to the work.
Working Parties are normally formed of Committee members to explore particular issues, and are sometimes transformed into Task Groups if their work is to result in an ICRP publication.
The International Commission on Radiological Protection is an independent Registered Charity, established to advance for the public benefit the science of radiological protection, in particular by providing recommendations and guidance on all aspects of protection against ionising radiation.
Dr Claire Cousins
Addenbrookes Hospital (retired), UK
Nagasaki University & Hiroshima University, France
Dr John D. Boice Jr.
National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements, USA
Dr Donald A Cool
Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), USA
Dr John D Harrison
Oxford Brookes University and Public Health England, UK
Dr Carl-Magnus Larsson
Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency (ARPANSA), Australia
Professor Jai-Ki Lee
Hanyang University, Korea
Dr Hua Liu
National Nuclear Safety Administration, Ministry of Environment Protection, China
Dr Hans-Georg Menzel
CERN (retired), Germany
Dr Ohtsura Niwa
Radiation Effect Research Foundation, Japan
Southern Ural Biophisics Institute, Russian Federation
Helmholtz Zentrum München, Germany
Professor Eliseo Vano
Complutense University, Spain
Christopher H. Clement CHP
The Work of ICRP
In preparing its recommendations, ICRP considers the fundamental principles and quantitative bases upon which appropriate radiation protection measures can be established, while leaving to the various national protection bodies the responsibility of formulating the specific advice, codes of practice, or regulations that are best suited to the needs of their individual countries.
ICRP has published well over one hundred publications on all aspects of radiological protection. Most address a particular area within radiological protection, but a handful of publications, the so-called fundamental recommendations, each describe the overall system of radiological protection. The system of radiological protection is based on the current understanding of the science of radiation exposures and effects, and value judgements. These value judgements take into account societal expectations, ethics, and experience gained in application of the system. As the understanding of the science and societal expectations have evolved over time, so too has the system of radiological protection. As well, the recommendations continue to take into account novel uses of radiation in medicine and other fields to help ensure an adequate level of safety under all circumstances.
ICRP offers its recommendations to regulatory and advisory agencies and provides advice the intended to be of help to management and professional staff with responsibilities for radiological protection. Legislation in most countries adheres closely to ICRP recommendations. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) International Basic Safety Standards for Protection against Ionizing Radiation and for the Safety of Radiation Sources is based heavily on ICRP recommendations, and the International Labour Organisation (ILO) Convention 115, Radiation Protection Convention, General Observation 1992, refers specifically to the recommendations of ICRP. ICRP recommendations form the basis of radiological protection standards, legislation, programmes, and practice worldwide.