International Epidemiology Institute
The International Epidemiology Institute is a unique highly experienced biomedical research organization founded in 1994 by senior scientists from the National Cancer Institute, U.S.A. IEI provides state-of-the-science expertise for addressing the complex biomedical issues that confront both the public and private sectors, universities, and other institutions in todays rapidly changing world.
IEIs goal is to provide experienced scientific investigators and approaches in the evaluation and resolution of complex human health problems worldwide.
IEI staff possesses extensive and unique experience in epidemiologic research, having initiated and brought to fruition collaborative health studies in the United States, western and central Europe, Japan, Scandinavia, and China. The Institute offers this international experience together with a full range of epidemiologic activities from the design and execution of investigations to the evaluation and interpretation of study results, in order to understand the etiology and means of prevention of human illnesses.
Departments of International Epidemiology Institute
• MECHANICAN ENGG.
• Transport Economics
International Epidemiology Institute Archives
Cancer prevention and poverty : Interested in how cancer prevention recommendations play out in low-income populations, epidemiologist Shaneda Warren Anderson, Ph.D., and colleagues analyzed data from 61,098 adults, with overrepresentation of low-income whites and African-Americans.
The team measured adherence to American Cancer Society (ACS) recommendations regarding body mass index, physical activity, diet, alcohol intake and smoking status, and they gathered other clinical data and demographic data. During a median follow-up period of six years, there were 2,240 cancers diagnosed in the group.
As reported in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, adherence to the ACS guideline to stay away from tobacco was strongly associated with lower cancer risk. Also, in individuals without chronic disease at baseline, a score that summarized adherence to guidelines for nutrition and physical activity was significantly associated with reduced cancer risk.
“These data provide support for the promotion of healthful behaviors, especially smoking cessation and avoidance of sedentary lifestyle, as cancer prevention measures,” said study co-author Wei Zheng, M.D., Ph.D.
Warren Anderson and Zheng were joined in the study by William Blot, PhD, Xiao-Ou Shu, MD, PhD, and researchers from Meharry Medical College and International Epidemiology Institute. The study, which used data from the Southern Community Cohort Study, was supported by a grant from the National Institutes of Health (CA092447).
Study eases childhood cancer survivors’ birth defect worries : A large, retrospective study of the children of childhood cancer survivors who were treated with radiation therapy and/or some forms of chemotherapy found that the offspring do not have an increased risk for birth defects compared with children of cancer survivors who did not receive these treatments.
The findings provide reassurance that increased risks of birth defects are unlikely for the children of childhood cancers survivors and can help guide family planning choices for those survivors.
The researchers noted that a strength of the study is the comparison they made to the children of other cancer survivors and not to the children of people randomly sampled from the general population. The investigators determined that the prevalence of birth defects among the cancer survivors’ children was similar to what has been reported in the general population.