Jai Prakash Vishwavidyala was established at Chapra on 22nd Nov 1990 by the enactment of Section 3(b) of Bihar State Universities Act 1976. The territorial jurisdiction of the University is stretched over the whole of Saran Division comprising three districts of Chapra, Siwan and Gopalganj. The Colleges situated in these districts were under the territorial jurisdiction of the then Bihar University (now B.R.A. University), Muzaffarpur. After establishment of J. P. University these colleges were automatically transferred to Jai Prakash Vishwavidyala, Chapra. There are altogether 21 constituent Colleges, 2 affiliated deficit Grant Colleges (including one minority college) and 10 affiliated Colleges.
The university has four main faculties:
Faculty of Social Sciences: Department of Economics, History, Political Science, Psychology and Geography.
Faculty of Science: Department of Botany, Zoology, Chemistry, Physics and Mathematics
Faculty of Commerce: Department of Commerce
Faculty of Humanities: Department of Hindi, English, Sanskrit, Urdu and Philosophy
J. P. University offers several graduate, post graduate programmes and PhD in various disciplines. It also facilitates the study of Intermediate (10+2) programme in its college, which runs by Bihar Intermediate Council and examination is conducted by Bihar School of Examination Board (BSEB), Patna. Jai prakash Vishawavidayalaya offers teaching and examination facilities in several discipline like 1.Hindi, 2.Sanskrit, 3.English, 4.Urdu, 5.Philosophy, 6.Political Science, 7.Economics, 8.History, 9.Psychology, 10.Geography, 11.Zoology, 12.Botany, 13.Chemistry, 14.Physics, 15.Mathematics and 16.Commerce etc. These courses are available in Three year degree programmes (Bachelor courses) and Two year Post Graduate Programmes (Master Courses). Graduate courses are available at Honours level or General level.Beside this university also offers Three year Degree in Law (L.L.B) in Ganga Singh College (must have a graduation degree with at least 40% marks). Jai Prakash University has distance learning council (Directorate of Distance Education) which provides distance education. Currently university offers 3 year degree programme in Bachelor of Computer Application (BCA) through distance education mode.
The University also provides several Vocational courses (Under Self - Financing Scheme) like : B.Sc. (H) in Biotechnology, Industrial Microbiology, Industrial Fish & Fisheries, and Environmental Science. B.A. (H) in Functional Hindi, Functional English, Communicative English and Advertising, Sales Promotion & Sales Management. JP University has also going to add following Vocational and Professional courses: B.B.A, M.B.A, B.Lib, P.G. D.C.A, B.Ed. (One Year and Four Year Integrated) and Mass Communication.
The Jai Prakash Vishwavidyalaya has many Constituent colleges to its credit. Exclusive list of these colleges is given below-
• Rajendra College, Chapra
• Dayanand Anglo Vedic College, Siwan
• Jagdam College, Chapra
• Gopalganj College, Gopalganj
• Gopeshwar College, Hathua
• Jai Prakash Mahila College, Chapra
• Prabhunath College, Parsa
• Ram Vilas Ganga Ram College, Maharajganj
• Ganga Singh College, Chapra
• Hoti Lal Ramnath College, Amnaur
• Hariram College, Mairwa
• Yadunandan College, Dighwara
• Nandlal Singh College, Jaitpur, Dawoodpur
• Jaglal Chaudhary, College, Chapra
• Bhola Prasad Singh College, Bhore
• Ram Jaipal College, Chapra
• Narayan College, Goreyakothi
• Raja Singh College, Siwan
• Prithvi Chand Vigyan College, Chapra
• Mahendra Mahila Mahavidyalaya, Gopalganj
• Vidya Bhawan Mahila Mahavidyalaya, Siwan