The botanic garden of the Universidad de Valencia, known as El Botànic, was founded in 1567. For 200 years it was a cultivated plot used to grow medicinal plants, linked to studies in Medicine. Up until the 19th century it was located in a number of places within the city of Valencia. The year 1802 marks the point at which the University definitively moved the gardens to el Huerto de Tramoyeres, outside the city walls, near the Convent of San Sebastián, near the Torres de Quart. The Botanical Garden of the University of Valencia is a living museum located in the historical centre of the city which is open to the public and aims to let people connect with the plant world by fostering its study, teaching, dissemination and conservation, as well as its sustainable use. Among other objectives, the Garden maintains a scientific collection of live plants, preserving a historic legacy of continuous cultivation, which includes monumental trees and historical buildings. Furthermore, it has the responsibility of maintaining the tradition of botanical gardens in Valencia, which date back to the 16th Century, when the university created a physics garden for the purpose of teaching medicine.
The Garden carries out research into plant diversity, conservation of rare, endemic or endangered species of Mediterranean flora and the conservation of natural habitats. Furthermore, there is continuous educational and cultural activity carried out by the departments of education and cultural events and the press office. Beneath cloak of vegetation, we can travel to each of the continents, imagining exotic or far-off places, or seeing close-up the plants. This is a wonderfully rich plant world all because of the botanists such as those who work in our Garden; those who participate in different investigation projects centred on the conservation of rare, endemic or threatened plant species of the Mediterranean, the conservation of natural habitats, and the knowledge of plant diversity.
From the Cabinet of Didactics of the Botanic they organized different didactic proposals so that the children as adults who come to visit can connect with nature and learn botany at the same time. And this Garden is a perfect space in the centre of the city to convey the importance of biodiversity and instil respect for the environment. We offer guided tours of the Garden that can be complemented always with different didactic workshops for all educational levels. There are some association associated with this university like Spanish arboriculture association, Acys: friends of cactus and other juices, Abepyc: Spanish botanical association of palmeras and cycas, Limne foundation, Llavors dací, Orquidiòfils valencians. They offer various research areas covers Anatomy, Plant Diversity and evolution, biosystematics, Phytosociology, Floristics, Conservation Ex Situ, Phytogeography, Medicinal plants, etc.
At this time their work focuses on Anatomy Pteridophytes, Anatomy of flower development, Anatomical-histological adaptations to the environment, Histological detection of active ingredients in plants of pharmaceutical interest. The conservation of wild plant species in the Germplasm Bank of the Botanical Garden of the University of Valencia requires active research activity which is responsible for the equipment linked to the bank. The Germplasm Bank also collaborates in other lines of investigation that lead to the garden, such as anatomy, taxonomy and analysis of genetic variability for respectively troubleshoot dormancy due to seed coat, then impossibility of the existence of hybrids or to schedule harvesting more effectively.