Kameshwar Singh Darbhanga Sanskrit University (KSDSU) is a state university located at Darbhanga, Bihar, India, dedicated to the teaching and promotion of Sanskrit. Its jurisdiction covers the whole of Bihar. KSDSU was established in 1961, with Mahamhopadhyay Dr. Umesh Misra, the eminent scholar, as the first Vice Chancellor. The then Education minister of unified Bihar satyendra narayan singh announced starting of the university. Maharaja Kameshwar Singh donated his ancestral Anand Bagh Palace to the government of Bihar as a university for the promotion of Sanskrit language. Currently, this palace is the head office of Kameshwar Singh Darbhanga Sanskrit University.It has held one awareness campaign. Eminent Sanskrit scholar and poet Professor Ram Karan Sharma was the vice chancellor of Kameshwar Singh Darbhanga Sanskrit University, Darbhanga, from 1974 to 1980.
The university is dedicated towards promotion of the holy language of India being Sanskrit. It has a collection of more than 5000 rare manuscripts, which includes six illustrated manuscripts of Durga Saptasti, Simadbhagavata, Gitagovinda and Ramayana. The territorial jurisdiction of this university is spread over the whole state of Bihar and it is offering courses at different levels of education particularly in the field of Sanskrit. The institute is offering education through its own departments and three colleges are also working under the jurisdiction of this university. Kameshwar Singh Dharbhanga University is located in the Dharbhanga District of Bihar and the nearest railway station is Dharbhanga railway station. The university can be reached easily since it is well-connected through railways and roadways. The university holds the pride of having documenting nearly 2000 manuscripts through its collections covering nearly 200 private colleges and nearly 50 institutions spread over thirteen districts in the state of Bihar. The university is preserving not only paper manuscripts, but it is also preserving palm manuscripts through its library. Thus, Kameshwar Singh Darbhanga Sanskrit University undoubtedly serves towards the development of the holy language of Sanskrit and it taking every step to preserve the holiness of the language.The courses offered here are:
• Shastri (IA/HS)
• Shastri (BA)
• Shastri (MA)
• Pustakalaya Vigyan Shastri (Bachelor of Library Science)
• Ayuvedacharya (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medical Sciences)
• Vidyavaridhi (Doctor of Philosophy in Sanskrit)
• Vidyavachaspati (D. Lit. in Sanskrit)
Among the collections of the university are manuscripts on epics, philosophy, vyakarana, dharmashastra, agama, tantra etc. The university has an exceptional collection of nearly 5562 rare manuscripts including six illustrated manuscripts of the Ramayana, Gitagovinda, Srimadbhagavata and Durga Saptasati etc. The few manuscripts of Vidyapati, Mahesh Thakur composed in their own scripts are among the proud possessions. Darbhanga Sanskrit University started functioning as a Manuscript Resource Centre in September 2003. Known across Bihar for the rich manuscripts in Sanskrit, this MRC has documented its own collections, as well as surveyed Bihar and Jharkhand areas. It has so far documented 2000 manuscripts, covering 49 institutions and 206 private collections in 13 districts. Paper manuscripts and palm manuscripts are preserved in the university.