Established in 1982, the NCNSRC is Egypts nuclear licensing authority and inspectorate. It has three divisions: Nuclear Regulations and Emergencies; Radiation Control; and Safety of Nuclear Installations. The center handles radiation protection for personnel and the environment, and is also responsible for other regulatory and safety issues related to Egypts nuclear installations.  M.K. Shaat, "Inshas Nuclear Complex: Report on, National Situation for Decommissioning Activities in Egypt," Atomic Energy Authority, November 2007, www-ns.iaea.org.  Judith Perera, "Nuclear Industry of Egypt," March 2003, p. 21, www.opensource.gov.  Nuclear Programmes in the Middle East: In the shadow of Iran, ed. Mark Fitzpatrick, (London: The International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2008), pp. 25-26. GLOBAL NUCLEAR POLICY The world has entered a new nuclear age. While the risk of large-scale, world-ending nuclear war has declined, regional instability, the proliferation of weapons and the materials to make them along with emerging threats like cyber and terrorism mean the risk of a single nuclear weapon or device being detonated – by accident, by miscalculation or on purpose – is on the rise. Our current nuclear policies have not adapted to today’s security environment. This status quo is not sustainable, and the consequences of inaction are unacceptable. Unless we adapt our policies and forces to deal with new and emerging threats, global security will remain at serious risk. NTI works with governments, partner organizations and leaders around the world to develop policies, leadership and the global capacity—human and institutional—to reduce reliance on nuclear weapons, prevent their spread and ultimately end them as a threat to the world. NUCLEAR TERRORISM Preventing nuclear terrorism has been at the heart of NTI’s work since our founding. Early on, we supported field projects to secure vulnerable weapons-usable materials—plutonium and highly enriched uranium. For example, Project Vinca helped spur the creation of a U.S. government threat-reduction program that has invested more than $3 billion over the last decade to secure and remove at-risk nuclear materials from sites around the globe. The good news is that the number of countries storing these dangerous materials has dropped from a high of 52 in 1992. The bad news is that increasingly well-organized and well-funded terrorist organizations—which now have easy access to the know-how needed to build a bomb— have declared their intent to seek the materials necessary for weapons of mass destruction. Today, we work with governments to define, assess and improve nuclear materials security. A key effort: the biennial NTI Nuclear Security Index, a now-indispensible tool for governments.