The Student Residence, since its establishment in 1910 by the Board for Study Extension until 1936, was the principal social focus in Spain and a standout amongst the most distinctive and productive encounters of creation and logical and aesthetic trade of Europe between the two wars. In 1915 he moved to his authoritative central command in the Madrid Hill of Poplars. All through this first stage its executive was Alberto Jiménez Fraud , who made it a house open to creation, thinking and interdisciplinary discourse. Both the Board and the Residence were the result of the redesigning thoughts of the Free Institution of Education , established in 1876 by Francisco Giner de los Ríos. The Residence was proposed to supplement college instruction by making a scholarly situation and sufficient conjunction for understudies. Unmistakable components of the Residence were to encourage a lasting discourse amongst science and expressions of the human experience and go about as a gathering community for the global avant-gardes. This made the Residence a concentration of dissemination of advancement in Spain, and from the inhabitants developed a number of the most exceptional figures of twentieth century Spanish culture, for example, the artist Federico García Lorca , the painter Salvador Dalí , movie producer Luis Buñuel and the researcher Severo Ochoa . She came as general guests or as occupants amid her stays in Madrid Miguel de Unamuno, The Residence was additionally a gathering for level headed discussion and spread of the scholarly existence of Europe between the wars, introduced specifically by its heroes. Among the individuals who went to their classrooms they incorporate Albert Einstein, Paul Valéry, Marie Curie, Igor Stravinsky, John M. Keynes, Alexander Calder, Walter Gropius, Henri Bergson and Le Corbusier , among numerous others. Regularly, these identities were welcomed by two private affiliations that effectively teamed up with the Residence and joined their work to an expansive area of common society: the Society of Courses and Conferences and the Hispanic-English Committee .
Today, the Residencia is again an extraordinary focus in Spain's social life. All consistently, the Residencia sorts out various open occasions with the investment of driving figures in the Arts and Sciences, for example, Mario Vargas Llosa, Pierre Boulez, Martinus Veltman, Ramón Margalef, Jacques Derrida, Blanca Varela and Massimo Cacciari, among others. Meetings, workshops, round-table examinations, shows, verse readings, displays, and so on, make the Residencia a place for open level headed discussion, basic intuition and inventiveness, fixated on the patterns of our circumstances. Every year, more than 3,000 researchers, specialists and different experts from everywhere throughout the world live for brief timeframes in the Residencia. The Centro de Documentación (library and chronicles) holds a novel gathering of reports and books, with particular accentuation on the scholarly and logical history of Spain amid the principal third of the twentieth century. These records incorporate the private documents of Federico García Lorca, Luis Cernuda, Jesús del Bal y Gay, Fernando de los Ríos and León Sánchez Cuesta.
Since 1986 when it regained its tradition, the Residencia is, as it used to be from its beginnings, a meeting point for international culture. A wide range of activities take place at the Residencia: lectures, seminars and workshops, poetry readings, concerts, exhibitions, etc. These activities pay especial attention to the recovery of a significant period of our intellectual history (1868-1936), and to the cutting-edge trends in knowledge and the application of new technologies. The files of the Junta para la Ampliación de Estudios and the Museo Pedagógico Nacional are likewise kept here. Depictions of those records, the library and digitalized materials are accessible on the Red de Centros and Archivo Virtual de la Edad de Plata de la cultura española (1868-1936 ), a venture drove by the Residencia with budgetary support from the Fundación Marcelino Botín. In this new time, the Residencia invites recognized individuals in the Arts and Sciences. Octavio Paz and José Angel Valente have perused their POETRY. Mario Vargas Llosa and John Berger have talked about their basic perspective of CONTEMPORARY FICTION. Arrangers Karlheinz Stockhousen and Cristóbal Halffter have communicated their thoughts on MUSIC. Arturo Ripstein and Carlos Saura have discussed CINEMA. Rafael Moneo and Santiago Calatrava have imparted their ideas to new eras of ARCHITECS.Researchers, for example, Nobel Prize victor Martinus Veltmain and Francisco J. Ayala informed us regarding their most recent research. Antiquarians Sir Raymond Carr and Juan Marichal, and THINKERS Imre Kertész, Jacques Derrida and José Luis Aranguren have offered their understanding of key issues in our circumstances.