The Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning, Formas, is a governmental research-funding agency under the Ministry of Environment; located at: Kungsbron 21, 11182 Stockholm, in Sweden. It is also related to other ministries, especially the Ministry of Agriculture, the Ministry of Industry, Employment and Communications, and the Ministry of Education and Science.
BiodivERsA is a network of 32 agencies and ministries from 21 European countries programming and funding pan-European research on biodiversity and ecosystem services on a competitive basis.
Formas encourages and supports scientifically significant research related to sustainable development. In particular, this means supporting the environmental and agricultural sciences of forestry, horticulture, veterinary medicine, and food, fish and reindeer husbandry, as well as spatial planning that includes building sciences and community systems. Funded projects cover a wide range of approaches from basic research to more applied efforts. Formas encourages projects that promote cross- and interdisciplinary research within its areas of programme responsibility. Formas provides mechanisms for communicating research results and stimulates public debate on issues of concern that emerge from or are related to research for sustainable development.
Formas research funding is primarily bottom-up. All funding decisions are based on scientific peer-reviews of the applicants and their research proposals. Scientific committees that mainly constitute of active researchers read, evaluate and rank the projects. The board of Formas makes the final funding decisions. Formas has several types of research funding for different purposes. For instance, it supports research projects, research programmes, and centres of excellence, post-doc fellowships, researcher training, and international cooperation. The total annual research budget is 60 million euros, of which ca 12 are related to biodiversity.