After a short-lived first foundation in 1402 - the fourth foundation of a university in the area of what is Germany today and the first foundation of a university in Bavaria - Julius-Maximilians University was permanently endowed and established in 1582 on the initiative of Prince-Bishop Julius Echter von Mespelbrunn. It is to him that the "Julius" in todays name Julius-Maximilians University traces back to. It wasnt until Würzburg fell to Bavaria that the name "Maximilian" was added - it refers to Elector Maximilian I. Joseph who became the first King of Bavaria in 1806. Today, more than four hundred years later, the University can look back on a history full of successes. Famous scholars and scientists, such as Rudolf Virchow, Carl Siebold, and Franz Brentano researched and taught at Würzburgs University.