Topiwala National Medical College & BYL Nair Charitable Hospital is one of the foremost public medical colleges in India. It is located in the city of Mumbai in the state of Maharashtra. It is attached to the Bai Yamunabai Laxman (BYL) Nair Charitable Hospital, an 1800-bed tertiary care center. The combined setup of medical college and hospital was established in 1921. The institution is affiliated with Maharashtra University of Health Sciences.The college holds a special place in the history of India as the first hospital made and run by Indians under the British empire. The other two big hospitals in the city at the time, KEM Hospital and Sir J.J. hospital, were managed by the British. TNMC was opened during the heady days of the independence movement in 1921 and was appropriately named National Medical College. It was then taken over by the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai and since then the progress of the college has been going up steadily. Through a donation by M.N. Desai Topiwala the college was upgraded in 1946 and was inaugurated by Mahatma Gandhi and Sarojini Naidu. Alexander Fleming also visited the college. Today, with the infrastructure of the 1,800-bed BYL Nair Charitable Hospital behind it, TNMC makes an ideal training ground for budding medicos of the 21st century. It provides training courses in more than 25 medical and allied branches, including 9 superspecialty courses. The college, with an annual budget of 7 crores, has more than 250 senior teaching staff members who are assisted by 400 resident doctors. Currently TNMC accepts 120 medical students each year for the MBBS program through Maharashtra state common entrance test (MH-CET) and All India pre-medical test (PMT) combined together.