Realizing the importance and foresightedness of the Karnataka Government, His Excellency, the Governor of Karnataka has approved the establishment of the University of Horticultural Sciences (UHS) at Bagalkot through a special Ordinance No 2 of 2008 dated: 22-11-2008. Thus, the exclusive University of Horticultural Sciences came in to being with effect from 22-11-2008 at Bagalkot. The choice of Bagalkot as the headquarters of the University is rightly justified because of two reasons namely, the rich horticultural production base of grapes, pomegranate, sapota, fig, lime, sweet lime, ber, varieties of vegetables, spices and medicinal plants: Besides, the bordering districts of Belgaum on West, Dharwad and Koppal on South, Bijapur on North and Raichur on East are the hub of horticulture because of the favourable climate for horticulture crops in the area. The Second reason is because of the location of historical places like Badami (cave temple and capital of Chalukya Kingdom) Pattadakallu, Aihole (the places known for temples of stone sculptures) Kudalasangama a centre of religious preaching and teaching, and the mighty Alamatti Dam as a back bone for agriculture / horticulture are situated within the radius of 50km from Bagalkot. Colleges: 1. College of Horticulture, Arabhavi 2. College of Horticulture, Bagalkot 3. College of Horticulture, Bengaluru 4. College of Horticulture, BIDAR 5. College of Horticulture, Kolar 6. College of Horticulture, Koppal 7. College of Horticulture, Mysore 8. College of Horticulture, Sirsi 9. College of Horticulture Engineering and Food Technology (CHEFT) Zonal Horticulture Research & Extension center, Bagalkot • The Orchard Office, UHS, Bagalkot is located about 10 kms west of Bagalkot Railway Station (1612N, 7545E) on Raichur – Belgaum state highway. The annual average rainfall is 550.00 mm. The soils are gravelly soils with low fertility. • The Orchard Office initially started with six different gardens was transferred from Bagalkot Town Development Authority Bagalkot for Conducting Research on different crops and for use of practical teaching new area. Development of the Horticultural Expertise is one of the three main mandates of the University. To meet the technical manpower required for the Horticulture Industry of the State, a three-tier system of education is drawn with emphasis on the following: • To start certificate and diploma courses to impart skill and working knowledge. i.e. Know-How to Do-How aspects for unemployed youths. • Plan/Start field experiments of M.Sc. and Ph.D. students work in farmer’s fields rather than in the Department plots alone. • Selecting important, need based, location specific, and farmer friendly research programs for Post-graduate students, resulting into a useful findings/information that would be adopted by farmers at large. • Technology Validation and Demonstration follow every research finding on E-3 formula basis • Establishment of large-scale demonstration plots at the campus with farmer’s participation for creation of awareness. • To expose students for farm/orchard management and economic use of resources by attaching students for 2-3 months with progressive farmers/entrepreneurs. • Placement of the students in Horticulture Industries for skill development.