Università della Svizzera Italiana Lugano is a public university established in 1995, with campuses in Lugano, Mendrisio and Bellinzona. It is an Italian and English speaking university. It was established in 1996. It was most international university in Switzerland. It is distinctive in the Swiss university system because of the originality of its degree curricula and areas of research. Its relatively contained size and numbers assure direct interaction between the members of the academic community. This university has five Departments (Faculties) and three campuses. The Faculties of Economics, Communication Sciences, Informatics and Biomedical Sciences are located on the Lugano campus, home also to the Facoltà di Teologia di Lugano, a private institution affiliated with the Diocese of the Catholic Church in Lugano. The Academics architectures is located on the Mendrisio campus. The affiliated Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB) and the Institute of Oncology Research (IOR) are both located in Bellinzona. In this university 21 faculties are there. USI was established by a law passed by the Parliament on 3 October, 1995. The first academic year started off on 21 October, 1996 with some 300 full-time undergraduate students and three Faculties: Economics, Communication Sciences and the Academy of Architecture. Besides Ticino residents, the original student body included a remarkable number of students from the rest of Switzerland, Italy, and other countries. On 9 December, 1996, a Federal Council (Swiss Executive) resolution granted to USI federal subsidies which placed the University on the same level as the two Federal Institutes of Technology and other nine cantonal Universities in the German and French regions. On 1 November, 2000, with the awarding of the first USI degrees, the Federal Council granted Canton Ticino the status of ‘university-canton’. Since then, Ticino actively engaged in policy-making as a full member of the national legislative bodies, on an equal footing with all other cantonal universities. At present, USI counts 3000 students representing more than 100 nationalities, 800 academic staff and 50 research centres. They conduct programmes on New Media in Education (CROSS-FertilizatIon between formal and informal Learning through Digital technologies), Doctoral program Argumentation Practices in Context (ARGUPOLIS)and IRB International PhD Program in Immunology, Cell Biology and Biochemistry.