The Water Research Foundation (WRF) conducts research related to drinking water quality, treatment and utility infrastructure to help water providers and public health agencies provide safe and affordable drinking water. Approximately 950 utilities, manufacturers, and consultants subscribe to the foundation’s research, most of which are based in the U.S., but many are international. Since 1966, the foundation has funded more than $500 million worth of research and more than 1,100 studies. It promotes global collaboration and prudent resource management by pooling and leveraging funding for water research. The foundation, originally named the American Water Works Association Research Foundation (AwwaRF), was launched in 1966 with seed money from the American Water Works Association (AWWA) and a few federal grants. In 1983, then-chair Kenneth J. Miller brought together the three major North American water supply organizations — AWWA, the National Association of Water Companies, and the Association of Metropolitan Water Agencies — to support the Foundations mission. According to EPA officials interviewed for an oral history of the 1974 Safe Drinking Water Act’s early implementation, the law really provided the impetus for the water industrys development and expansion of its own research program, which evolved from the American Water Works Association and other organizations to become WRF. The foundation provides a broad array of research and tools to the water supply community. Research focuses on four main areas: Water supply and distribution infrastructure, Utility management and customer relations, Water quality, Water resources and environmental sustainability. In 2007, the foundation began a Strategic Research Initiatives Program that focused on a coordinated, long-term approach to critical drinking water issues, including: Distribution System Water Quality, Climate Change and Water, Endocrine Disrupting Compounds (EDCs) and Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products (PPCPs). The foundation has provided testimony at U.S. Congressional hearings on topics such as the cost and impact of quagga mussels on drinking water, the toxicological relevance of EDCs and PPCPs in drinking water, and how climate change will affect the quality and quantity of U.S. drinking water. WRF is governed by a Board of Trustees composed of leaders from water utilities worldwide. The current Board Chair is Denise Kruger, Senior Vice President, Regulated Utilities at Golden State Water Company. The Foundation’s research is guided by a 21-member Research Advisory Council made up of technical and scientific experts from water utilities, engineering firms, and manufacturers.