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The University of GÃ¶ttingen (German: Georg-August-UniversitÃ¤t GÃ¶ttingen, GAU, known informally as Georgia Augusta) is a public research university in the city of GÃ¶ttingen, Germany. Founded in 1734 by George II, King of Great Britain and Elector of Hanover, and starting classes in 1737, the university is the oldest in the state of Lower Saxony and the largest in student enrollment, which stands at around 31,500. Home to many noted figures, it represents one of Germany's historic and traditional institutions. GÃ¶ttingen has been called "the city of science". As for reputation, the University of GÃ¶ttingen was previously supported by the German Universities Excellence Initiative, holds membership to the Coimbra Group, and boasts an association with around 40 Nobel Prize winners. Furthermore, the university maintains strong connections with major research institutes based in GÃ¶ttingen, such as those of the Max Planck Society for the Advancement of Science and the Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Scientific Community. With approximately 8 million media units, the GÃ¶ttingen State and University Library ranks among the largest libraries in Germany.