An Overview of the Architectural Methods Used to Manage the Variable Environmental Influences on Buildings in the Mediterranean RegionNikos Papamanolis*
Department of Architectural Engineering, Technical University of Crete, Building K4, University Campus, 73100 Chania, Greece
- *Corresponding Asuthor:
- Nikos Papamanolis
Department of Architectural Engineering
Technical University of Crete
Building K4, University Campus
73100 Chania, Greece
E-mail: [email protected]
Received May 28, 2014; Accepted June 23, 2014; PublishedJune 31, 2014
Citation: Papamanolis N (2014) An Overview of the Architectural Methods Used to Manage the Variable Environmental Influences on Buildings in the Mediterranean Region. J Archit Eng Tech 3:130 doi: 10.4172/2168-9717.1000130
Copyright: © 2014 Papamanolis N. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Most of the environmental influences on buildings are variable by their very nature. This fact creates a need for diverse solutions in energy and environmental design and construction that can facilitate optimum building performance throughout the changing periods. Such solutions, in order to be successful, should be compatible with the climatic, and more generally environmental, conditions that prevail in the region where they are applied. Solutions that satisfy these requirements can come from a wide variety of fields, ranging from vernacular architecture to applications of smart materials and technologies. This paper presents an overview of conventional design and construction measures and practices for managing the variable environmental influences on buildings in the Mediterranean region. To that end, it identifies the environmental factors whose variable behaviour influences the energy and environmental performance of the buildings that are subject to them, and it also evaluates their impact. The study goes on to describe and evaluate the design and construction choices and practices that are implemented in buildings in the region to manage these influences. The aim of this work is to report on the main characteristics of these methods and investigate any ways in which they might be improved.