All India Institute of Medical Sciences Patna (AIIMS Patna) (officially Jayaprakash Narayan All India Institute of Medical Sciences) is a medical college and medical research public university based in Patna, Bihar, India. The Institute will operate autonomously under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (India).Though the foundation stone for the 350-crore project (2004 estimate) was laid in 2004 during Atal Bihari Vajpayee’s tenure, the project was delayed owing to the power shift at the Centre and its cost has escalated from 3.35 billion (US$50 million) to 8.5 billion (US$130 million).The AIIMS, Patna, is under construction for over eight years. Its foundation was laid by the then vice-president, Bhairon Singh Shekhawat, on 3 January 2004. In 2004, Central government decided to set up new AIIMS at Rishikesh, Bhopal, Patna, Jodhpur, Bhubaneswar and Raipur. The setting up of second AIIMS like institution in Bihar was announced in 2015 Union budget of India. Second AIIMS is likely to come up in Saharsa. AIIMS Patna is spread over 134 acres, comprising the main medical college campus on 100 acres and residential campus on 34 acres. It is located in Bhusaula village, 8 km from Patna Town. The AIIMS, near Walmi institute at Phulwari Sharif, Patna started operating on 25 September 2012 after a series of observations by Patna High Court. AIIMS Patna started its operations on 25 September 2012. AIIMS New Delhi has been mentoring the two new AIIMS in Patna and Bhubaneswar, PGI Chandigarh has been mentoring AIIMS coming up in Rishikesh and Jodhpur, while JIPMER Puducherry has been overseeing the AIIMS in Bhopal and Raipur. Class of 2012 started in AIIMS Patna on 25 September 2012 with around 50 medical students had been admitted in AIIMS Patna. To start with, AIIMS Patna imparted training in four subjects to the 1st MBBS students– anatomy, physiology, biochemistry and community medicine. The first batch of students have completed their 41/2 years MBBS course and started their internship from January 2017. The institute also runs 3 years BSc Nursing course, and has a separate nursing college building within its premises. AIIMS-P doubled the intake of students into its MBBS course to 100 in 2013 from 50 in 2012. Currently the institute has 56 faculty members. The representatives of AIIMS Patna and UNICEF visited Muzaffarpur on June 13, 2013 and took blood samples of AES-affected children for test. AIIMS-Patna has collaborated with National Knowledge Network (NKN), which helps it in availing facilities like virtual classes and e-library besides collaboration in research and telemedicine facilities with other centers for higher learning across the country. In July 2013, AIIMS Patna developed a cellphone application – Sankat Sanket – to help people in medical emergency. On 26 December 2013, AIIMS Patna performed its first surgery. Some non-resident Indian doctors have joined AIIMS Patna. The formal inauguration of AIIMS Patna is not yet done. In May 2015, AIIMS-Patna launched health cards. In July 2015, AIIMS Patna launched free surgery service to leprosy patients. On 6 March 2016, AIIMS Patna made an attempt to register its name in the Guinness World Records by training 3,200 people in first-aid care at Siwans Rajendra Stadium. The institute has started offering some state of the art services, like joint replacement, arthroscopy, cochlear implants, Interventional radiology, pediatric urology, laparoscopic surgery, hepatobiliary surgery. Multiple important clinical areas are fully functional, including pediatric and neonatal ICU, physical medicine and rehabilitation, post-operative ward, high dependency unit, advanced radiology setup including digital X-ray, digital mammography, 4D color Doppler, 256 slice CT scan, Biplane DSA (digital subtraction angiography). Some free laboratory tests are available for BPL (below poverty line) card holder patients. 3T MRI has started in January 2017, and the institute also has procured 150 more beds, which would take its total bed strength beyond 400.