Markey Cancer Center was preceded by the McDowell Cancer Network, which focused on community outreach and education. This was established in 1975. In 1975, the McDowell Cancer Network received a P30 Cancer Center Support Grant (CCSG) from the National Cancer Institute (NCI). Markey Cancer Center was officially established in 1983, on the foundation of the McDowell Cancer Network. In 1995, it was awarded a P20 Cancer Center Planning Grant. In 1990, the Kentucky Cancer Registry (KCR) was added on to Markey to monitor cancer levels within the state of Kentucky.
The following is the list of scholars from Markey Cancer Center who contributed and/or serves as editors for one or more OMICS International journals and conferences