The University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, is a public research-intensive university in the U.S. state of Illinois. It is known by different names like U of I, University of Illinois, UIUC, or simply Illinois. It is founded in 1867 as a land-grant institution in the twin cities of Champaign and Urbana (together known as Champaign-Urbana), it is the flagship campus of the University of Illinois system and a founding member of the Big Ten Conference. Between several cities, Urbana was selected in 1867 as the site for the new school. From the beginning, Gregory's desire to establish an institution firmly grounded in the liberal arts tradition was at odds with many State residents and lawmakers who wanted the university to offer classes based solely around industrial education. The University opened for classes on March 2, 1868, and had two faculty members and 77 students. Gregory is largely credited with establishing the University as it is today. Gregory's grave is on the Urbana campus, between Altgeld Hall and the Henry Administration Building.
The University offers more than 150 undergraduate and 100 graduate and professional programs in over 15 academic units, among several online specializations such as Digital Marketing. In 2015, the University announced its expansion to include an engineering-based medical program, which would be the first new college created in Urbana-Champaign in over 60 years. The university also offers Undergraduate students the opportunity for graduation honors. University Honors is an academic distinction awarded to the highest achieving students. To earn the distinction, students must have a cumulative grade point average of a 3.5/4.0 within the academic year of their graduation and rank within the top 3% of their graduating class. Their names are inscribed on a Bronze Tablet that hangs in the Main Library. The main research and academic facilities are divided almost evenly between the twin cities of Urbana and Champaign. The College of Agriculture, Consumer, and Environmental Sciences' research fields stretch south from Urbana and Champaign into Savoy and Champaign County. The university maintains formal gardens and a conference center in nearby Monticello at Allerton Park.
In the 2016 U.S. News & World Report (USNWR) "America's Best Colleges" report, UIUC's undergraduate program was ranked tied for 41st among national universities and tied for 11th among public universities. The graduate program had over 40 disciplines ranked by within the top 25 nationwide by USNWR, including 15 within the top five. U.S. News & World Report ranked the undergraduate and graduate Accounting programs 2nd and 3rd respectively in the United States in their 2016 rankings. The College of Business was ranked 47th nationally; the College of Engineering was ranked tied for 6th at the graduate level, with 9 disciplines ranked within the top ten. Computer Science was ranked 5th in the country; Chemistry and Physics were also ranked within the top ten at the graduate level. The College of Education was ranked by USNWR at 24th overall, with 3 programs ranked within the top ten. The Graduate School of Library and Information Science was ranked 1st in the nation, with six programs ranked within the top ten. The university was also listed as a "Public Ivy" in The Public Ivies: America's Flagship Public Universities (2001) by Howard and Matthew Greene.
The University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign comprises of top researchers. The University has witnessed some of the most interesting research works which has not only created a milestone throughout the country but also around the world. Some of the top researches of the University are BCS theory - John Bardeen, in collaboration with Leon Cooper and his doctoral student John Robert Schrieffer, proposed the standard theory of superconductivity known as the BCS theory (named for their initials). They shared the Nobel Prize in Physics 1972 for their discovery, Mosaic (web browser) - The first successful consumer web browser was developed at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign released in 1993, ILLIAC I - (Illinois Automatic Computer), a pioneering computer built in 1952 by the University of Illinois, was the first computer built and owned entirely by a US educational institution, PLATO - (Programmed Logic for Automatic Teaching Operations) was the first generalized computer assisted instruction system. Starting in 1960, it ran on the University of Illinois' ILLIAC I computer. By the late 1970s, it supported several thousand graphics terminals distributed worldwide, running on nearly a dozen different networked mainframe computers. Many modern concepts in multi-user computing were developed on PLATO, including forums, message boards, online testing, e-mail, chat rooms, picture languages, instant messaging, remote screen sharing, and multiplayer games, Touchscreens & Plasma displays - developed by Donald Bitzer in the 1960s, Talkomatic - (https://talko.cc/) is an online chat system that facilitates real-time text communication among a small group of people created by Doug Brown and David R. Woolley in 1973 on the PLATO System and many more.
The following is the list of scholars from University of Illinois Urbana Champaign who contributed and/or serves as editors for one or more OMICS International journals and conferences