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Coix Seeds: A Mini Review

Journal of Plant Genetics and Breeding
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  • J Plant Genet Breed 2: 108, Vol 2(2)

Coix Seeds: A Mini Review

Mahdi Tajalifar*
Department of Agriculture Engineering, University of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Mahdi Tajalifar, Agriculture Engineer, Department of Agriculture Engineering, University of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Iran, Tel: 00982833367725, Email: [email protected]

Received: 02-Feb-2018 / Accepted Date: 23-Jul-2018 / Published Date: 06-Aug-2018

Keywords: Common; Coix; Tropical; Poaceae; Tear

Introduction

The entire coix plant and its seed pod has tear drop appearance, which is the English equivalent of the Latin species name (Lacrima =tear) [1]. There are two main varieties of the species; wild (Coix lacryma jobi) and the cultivated variety Coix lacryma jobi var. ma-yuan . [2].

Plant coix belongs to sub tribe Maydeae. Linnaeus gave the botanical name in 1753, relying upon an existing population. There are 2 types of Coix plant: nutritive and ornamental [2]. Seed of coix is used in salad and porridge. Seed coix is otherwise called as barley-coix because of its size and appearance with Barley. Plant coix is also like Maize plant. Coix may be both perennial and annual in nature [3]. The plant is widely used as nutritive forage and medicine. They also have a hole in the centre which makes them ideal for beading purposes [4].

This plant is weed in commercial rice fields. Seed of coix have 50% starch. The nutrient content is mentioned in Table 1.

Protein 15.4 g
Carbohydrate 65.3 g
Ca 25 mg
p 435 mg
Fe 5 mg
B1 0.28 mg
B2  0.19 mg
Niacin 4.3 mg

Table 1: Nutrient contents of coix per 100 g [5].

Job’s tears are well known for its health benefits due to its rich antioxidant and high fibre content [4]. The Extract of the Coix plant is used in Chinese medicine for treatment of cancer [5]. Coix is suitable for relieving muscle spasm and blood sugar regulations [6,7]. This plant is used for the treatment of abdominal bloating, constipation, diarrhoea and also has anti-allergic properties [8,9].

Conclusion

This article presents a short review on the perspective of the health benefit of Coix plant. More research should be carried out to explore the therapeutic value of this plant.

References

Citation: Tajalifar M (2018) Coix Seeds: A Mini Review. J Plant Genet Breed 2: 108.

Copyright: © 2018 Tajalifar M. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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