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Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation - Pharmaceutical Wastewater Treatment by the Study of Bioremediation
ISSN: 2155-6199

Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation
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  • JBRBD, Vol 14(2)

Pharmaceutical Wastewater Treatment by the Study of Bioremediation

Brijesh Yadav*
Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Oviedo, Spain
*Corresponding Author: Brijesh Yadav, Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Oviedo, Spain, Email: [email protected]

Received: 02-Feb-2023 / Manuscript No. jbrbd-23-87935 / Editor assigned: 06-Feb-2023 / PreQC No. jbrbd-23-87935 (PQ) / Reviewed: 20-Feb-2023 / QC No. Jbrbd-23-87935 / Revised: 22-Feb-2023 / Manuscript No. Jbrbd-23-87935 (R) / Accepted Date: 28-Feb-2023 / Published Date: 28-Feb-2023

Abstract

The demand for quality water is urgent because it is used for many daily tasks like drinking, sanitation, agriculture, and other industrial purposes. For numerous operations, including cooling, refining, and material extraction, reliable and superior water sources are required. Water is a key raw element in the production of pharmaceuticals and chemicals. Urban and industrial wastewater treatment aims to improve the consistency of released water, maintain the permitted volume of water that can be discharged into or for agricultural property, and remove contaminants, destroy toxicants, neutralise coarse particles, and destroy bacteria. Therefore, reducing BOD, COD, eutrophication, etc. in receiving water sources and preventing radioactive substances from propagating through the food chain are the two main objectives of water treatment. Drug industry waste has a a wide range of traits, including a significant proportion of organic materials, microbial contamination, a significant amount of salt, and the inability to biodegrade.

Keywords

Bioremediation; Pharmaceutical; Treatment; Wastewater

Introduction

There are leftover amounts of dissolved organic materials and suspended particles after secondary application [1]. The efficacy of pharmaceutical wastewater effluent must therefore be increased through enhanced treatment [2]. The second method Advanced Oxidation and Bioremediation emerges as the most environmentally and commercially viable choice among those outlined in this study [3]. In order to lessen the ecotoxicological effects of pharmaceutical wastewater, this study addresses the many forms of bioremediations, their uses, and their limitations in the treatment of industrial wastewater [4]. With its many uses in drinking, manufacturing, industrial processing, agriculture, and other industries, water is the most valuable resource on the planet [5]. Industrial water is utilised in a number of operations including production, processing, washing, dilution, cooling, and product transportation [6]. Commodities like food, paper, chemicals, petroleum refining, and primary metals are produced by water-intensive businesses [7]. Additionally, water serves as a crucial raw ingredient for producing doses in the pharmaceutical industry, either directly or indirectly [8]. Industrial culture uses pharmaceutical compounds for many beneficial purposes, yet these businesses also release harmful toxins into the environment [9]. These harmful substances can enter the environment in a number of ways, including drains for livestock waste, sewers, and landfill waste drainage [10]. Human usage of pharmaceutical substances Trace amounts of animals and their metabolites have been found in a water combination [11].

Discussion

During the manufacturing and repair operations, pharmaceutical firms produce significant volumes of waste [12]. While the amounts of medications found in drinking water are many orders of magnitude lower than the required therapeutic dosage, traces of pharmaceuticals can have major negative impacts on human health and aquatic life over a longer length of time [13]. The nature and intensity of pollution concerns are influenced by a number of elements, including human activities, regional risk factors, pollutant properties, and wastewater treatment conditions [14]. In contrast to emerging and wealthy countries with high affluence, where chemical and pharmaceutical pollution is a serious health risk, underprivileged countries are more concerned about infectious diseases. In recent years, pharmaceutical industries have made a considerable contribution to the nation's economic expansion. However, a number of harmful environmental effects may also be attributed to prescription poisons [15]. These poisons in the water cannot be eliminated by conventional wastewater treatment technologies. As a result of improper techniques and insufficient approaches, pharmaceutical contamination presents a serious disposal issue. Pharmaceuticals are potentially dangerous chemical poisons even at tiny quantities. It is crucial to know and develop methods for treating pharmaceutical wastewater as part of water management due to the scarcity of water. A hybrid wastewater treatment approach that incorporates conventional treatment techniques, membrane reactors, and cutting-edge post-treatment techniques appears to be effective. Many expired medications are carelessly disposed away and wind up in urban drainage systems. As a result, there is a chance that the levels of risks caused by BOD and COD loadings.

Conclusion

Many medications that are dumped into bodies of water are not broken down, and as a result they could endanger the biosphere. Environmental deterioration in recent decades has sped up industrialization, poor farming methods, and increased human activity in oil deposits. Due to their toxicity, heavy metals, industrial waste, pesticides, greenhouse emissions, and hydrocarbons are among the toxins that pose a threat to the environment and the public's health. With the use of chemicals like ferric salts, lime, and aluminium sulphate, the contaminated water is destabilised during the simple wastewater treatment process known as chemical coagulation. This technology, nevertheless, has some serious drawbacks, including poor pathogen clearance, the use of toxic chemicals, and environmental hazards. Oxidation and reduction in another common technique for treating pharmaceutical wastewater is the bio-electrochemical system.

Acknowledgement

None

Conflict of Interest

None

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Citation: Yadav B (2023) Pharmaceutical Wastewater Treatment by the Study of Bioremediation. J Bioremediat Biodegrad, 14: 556.

Copyright: © 2023 Yadav B. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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