Production of Global Livestock system
Received Date: Jun 05, 2021 / Accepted Date: Jun 10, 2021 / Published Date: Jun 17, 2021
The global livestock sector is rapidly changing in response to globalization and growing demand for animal-source foods, driven by increase and increasing wealth in much of the developing world. The rapid rate of urbanization seen in many countries is not only linked to growing affluence but also gives rise to changes in people’s food preferences; usually tending towards greater convenience and higher standards of safety. As well because the many benefits and opportunities related to rapid sector transformation and growth, they're also related to social, environmental and public health risks. Moreover, there is a growing appreciation that the livestock sector needs to operate in a carbon-constrained economy, resulting in increasing competition for land and water resources, and growing pressure for the sector to be managed cleanly, safely and sustainably.
Keywords: livestock, Risk, functions
Many organizations are involved in assembling and disseminating global spatial datasets that can be used for a wide variety of purposes. Such datasets are becoming increasingly important for priority setting and targeting by organizations with a global mandate for agriculture and agricultural research for development, such as the United Nations (UN) Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the international centres of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), regional and sub-regional research organizations, and donors who need to target their investments and measure their impacts on beneficiaries.
Currently, one of the biggest gaps in the availability of global datasets is a spatial agricultural systems classification that provides appropriate detail on the distribution of crops and livestock in different places. This publication addresses this gap by bringing together some recent developments in agricultural production system mapping and highlighting some of the difficult problems involved. The work builds on considerable efforts that are made within the past decade and draws upon some case study systems classifications, from which general lessons could also be learned for application on a global scale.
A detailed knowledge of the distribution of livestock resources finds many applications, for example, in estimating production and off-take, the impacts of livestock on the environment, livestock disease risk and impact, and therefore the role that livestock plays in people’s livelihoods. But livestock is not all equal. In different contexts it serves quite different functions, plays different roles in people’s livelihoods, varies in herd structure and breed composition, and is fed and managed in different ways. For most applications some kind of practical stratification is needed: milk yields aren’t an equivalent from cows reared in extensive, low-input pastoral systems as they’re from specifically-bred dairy cows raised intensively.
The map of benefits from trypanosomosis removal in the Horn of Africa can assist decision-makers to prioritize interventions by highlighting areas where the financial return on investment is highest. The study also illustrates how information on livestock production systems can be combined with econometric and agro-ecological modelling in a spatially explicit framework. However, results also demonstrate that global maps of livestock production systems still fall short of distinguishing livestock production systems in sufficient detail for such modelling.
Citation: Wang W (2021) Production of Global Livestock system. J Fisheries Livest Prod 9: e117. DOI: 10.4172/2332-2608.1000e117
Copyright: © 2021 Dickson JS. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Select your language of interest to view the total content in your interested language
Share This Article
Open Access Journals
- Total views: 280
- [From(publication date): 0-0 - Oct 20, 2021]
- Breakdown by view type
- HTML page views: 94
- PDF downloads: 186