A Case Study: Cholera
- Corresponding Author:
- Zafar MZ
Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Sargodha, Pakistan
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: October 24, 2016; Accepted Date: November 11, 2016; Published Date: November 18, 2016
Citation: Zafar MZ, Gulzar H (2016) A Case Study: Cholera. Occup Med Health Aff 4:252. doi:10.4172/2329-6879.1000252
Copyright: © 2016 Zafar MZ, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The bacterium named Vibrio cholerae is known to be the microorganism causing the deadly disease called as cholera. The first successful isolation of the V. cholerae bacterium occurs as an important instance in the history of medicine on the whole. New, more virulent and drug-resistant strains of V. cholerae continue to emerge, and the frequency of large protracted outbreaks with high case fatality ratios has increased, reflecting the lack of early detection, prevention and access to timely health care. The primary symptoms of cholera are profuse diarrhea (Looseness of bowl movement) and vomiting of clear fluid. Cholera is only one of many types of diarrhoeal disease, but its global importance is underlined by its inclusion in the WHO Communicable Disease Surveillance and Response (CSR) list.
A patient who is infected with bacteria V. cholerae (Cholera is caused by the bacterium V. cholera, this bacterium is Gram stain-negative), by eating contaminated food and water and by drink water after watermelon. In most cases cholera can be successfully treated with oral rehydration therapy which is highly effective.