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A Review on Factors that Predispose Youths and Adolescents to Using Substances of Abuse in Developed and Less Developing Countries: AreIntervention Programs Useful?| Abstract
ISSN: 2155-6105

Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy
Open Access

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  • Review Article   
  • J Addict Res Ther 2012, Vol 3(1): 1
  • DOI: 10.4172/2155-6105.1000123

A Review on Factors that Predispose Youths and Adolescents to Using Substances of Abuse in Developed and Less Developing Countries: AreIntervention Programs Useful?

Stephen E. D. Nsimba1,2* and Amos. Y. Massele3
1The University of Dodoma, School of Medicine and Dentistry, Dodoma, Tanzania
2Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, State of Maryland, MD, USA
3College of Medicine, University of Botswana, Gaborone, South Africa
*Corresponding Author : Stephen E. D. Nsimba, The University of Dodoma, College Of Health Sciences, School Of Medicine And Dentistry, P. O. Box 259, Dodoma, Tanzania, Email:

Received Date: Jan 25, 2012 / Accepted Date: Mar 13, 2012 / Published Date: Mar 16, 2012


School based educational preventive programs for substances of abuse such as tobacco, alcohol, marijuana, cocaine, heroin, methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA/ecstasy) and use of many other illicit substances should be encouraged globally in order to start sensitizing the young generation of the harmful effects related to use of these stuffs. Such educational programs if incorporated within the school curricula helps to make pupils or students grow while knowing that using these substances is dangerous and can have serious consequences in terms of their health status as well as affecting their academic performance while in school. The United States in particular is in the drivers seat in engineering designing, implementation and sustainability of these preventive programs almost in every school. Such preventive programs are also highly needed by developing countries but they lack resources as these programs are expensive to maintain and sustain them.

Keywords: Tobacco; Alcohol; Substances of abuse; MDMA; Ectasy;Heroin; Cocaine; Marijuana; Developing countries; Developed countries

Citation: Mohammadpoorasl A, Fakhari A, Akbari H, Karimi F, Arshadi Bostanabad M, et al. (2012) Addiction Relapse and Its Predictors: A Prospective Study. J Addict Res Ther 3:123 Doi: 10.4172/2155-6105.1000123

Copyright: © 2012 Nsimba SED, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.