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A Review on Pathogenic Diseases on Corals Associated Risk Factors and Possible Devastations in Future in the Globe | OMICS International| Abstract
ISSN: 2155-9910

Journal of Marine Science: Research & Development
Open Access

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  • Review Article   
  • J Marine Sci Res Dev 269,

A Review on Pathogenic Diseases on Corals Associated Risk Factors and Possible Devastations in Future in the Globe

Amal D Premarathna1,2*, Sarvananda L3, Jayasooriya AP4,5 and Amarakoon S6
1Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka
2Faculty of Fisheries & Marine Science, Ocean University of Sri Lanka, Tangalle, Sri Lanka
3Department of Botany, Faculty of Sciences, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka
4Department of Basic Veterinary Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka
5Department of Basic Veterinary Sciences, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of West Indies, Trinidad and Tobago, West Indies
6Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agricultural & Food Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada
*Corresponding Author : Amal D Premarathna, Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka, Tel: +94775407879, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Mar 19, 2019 / Accepted Date: Apr 16, 2019 / Published Date: Apr 22, 2019

Abstract

Coral reefs being highly diverse to marine ecology, yet most of the mystery remain unsolved. Coral reefs are of ecological as well as economic importance. Corals support commercial and subsistence fisheries, tourism, and are of medicinal value. It also creates a barrier against storms, flooding, and erosion by reducing wave action. Further, Corals support the existence of nearly 4,000 species of fish, 800 species of hard corals reef and other oceanic species. They also act as carbon sinkers. Coral polyps take up dissolved CO2 in the water to make their calcareous exoskeleton allowing atmospheric CO2 levels to be reduced. People around the world depend on the coral reefs as it’s used as food, protection, provides employment and attracts tourism. They are attractive sites for recreational activities such as snorkeling and scuba diving. Furthermore, the coral reef ecosystem could represent increasingly significant sources for medical treatments, nutritional supplements, pesticides, cosmetics and other commercial products. Therefore, needs best strategies to improve to protect coral reef.

Keywords: Coral reef; Coral disease; Fishing; Symbiotic zooxanthale; Tourism

Citation: Premarathnaa AD, Sarvananda L, Jayasooriya AP, Amarakoon S (2019) A Review on Pathogenic Diseases on Corals Associated Risk Factors and Possible Devastations in Future in the Globe. J Marine Sci Res Dev 9: 269.

Copyright: © 2019 Premarathnaa AD, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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