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Analysis of Physical and Chemical Parameters in Ground Water Used for Drinking around Konso Area, Southwestern Ethiopia | OMICS International| Abstract
ISSN: 2155-9872

Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques
Open Access

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  • Research Article   
  • J Anal Bioanal Tech 2017, Vol 8(5): 379
  • DOI: 10.4172/2155-9872.1000379

Analysis of Physical and Chemical Parameters in Ground Water Used for Drinking around Konso Area, Southwestern Ethiopia

Behailu TW1, Badessa TS2* and Tewodros BA2
1Department of Biomedical Sciences, College of Medicine and Health Science, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia
2Department of Chemistry, College of Natural Sciences, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia
*Corresponding Author : Badessa TS, Department of Chemistry, College of Natural Sciences, Arba Minch University, PO Box 21, Arba Minch, Ethiopia, Tel: 251947414561, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Sep 06, 2017 / Accepted Date: Sep 11, 2017 / Published Date: Sep 14, 2017

Abstract

To improve water quality, there should be a mechanism of keeping safe water source from chemical contaminants in an effective and protective way through the application of regular check up and with interventions by taking exact measure periodically before it is supplied for usage. The intention of this research work is to determine the level of common cations, anions, heavy metals and physical parameters in drinking water supply system in konso and its surrounding area, Southwestern of Ethiopia. Water samples were collected from 23 different locations in the area where there is hand pump or motorized supply system that are used for drinking purpose. Collected samples were analyzed for physicochemical parameters including total alkalinity, Temperature, pH, Electrical Conductivity, Total dissolved solids, Turbidity, Alkalinity, Total hardness and Total suspended solid. Common cations (Li+, K+, Na+,Ca2+ and Mg2+), Common anions (NO3−, SO42−, PO42−, F− and Cl−) and Heavy metals (Pd, Ni, Mn, Pb, Co, Zn, Cu) were analyzed. The obtained results were compared with some national and international standards or guidelines for drinking water. Accordingly, the results obtained show that most of the physical and some common ions and heavy metals were within the accepted range of the guideline recommended by WHO. In addition to this, some parameters are at alarming state as compared to the WHO standards for drinking purposes, thereby suggesting the need for treatment and precautionary measures for use of the particular ground water.

Keywords: Ground water; Physicochemical parameters; Common cations; Common anions; Heavy metals

Citation: Behailu TW, Badessa TS, Tewodros BA (2017) Analysis of Physical and Chemical Parameters in Ground Water Used for Drinking around Konso Area, Southwestern Ethiopia. J Anal Bioanal Tech 8: 379. Doi: 10.4172/2155-9872.1000379

Copyright: ©2017 Behailu TW, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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