Anti-Black Punitive Traditions in Early American Policing
Received Date: Mar 14, 2021 / Accepted Date: Mar 21, 2021 / Published Date: Apr 03, 2021
From the police precinct to the prison plantation, historians of the American Carceral State have scrutinized “the habitual surveillance and incapacitation of racialized individuals and communities” as a defining feature of American criminal law enforcement. This abridged historical review expounds upon the central thesis of “The Mass Criminalization of Black Americans: A Historical Overview” and examines the development of anti-black punitive traditions in American policing that first surfaced in the era of slavery and settler colonization. I argue that colonial police patrols established in the 17th century were foundational antecedents of anti-black order maintenance functions ultimately incorporated by modern municipal police forces throughout the 19th century. By tracing the emergence of town watches and city guards from Boston to New Orleans, this review underscores the evolution of urban police practices originally deployed for the purpose of controlling “savages” and “slaves” throughout revolutionary and antebellum America.
Keywords: Precinct, Colonization, Savages and slaves
Citation: Cook DA (2021) Anti-Black Punitive Traditions in Early American Policing. J Civil Legal Sci 10: 262. Doi: 10.4172/2169-0170.1000262
Copyright: © 2021 Cook DA. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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