alexa Carbon Stock Assessment in the Vegetation of the Chitteri Reserve Forest of the Eastern Ghats in India Based on Non-Destructive Method Using Tree Inventory Data
ISSN: 2157-7617

Journal of Earth Science & Climatic Change
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Research Article

Carbon Stock Assessment in the Vegetation of the Chitteri Reserve Forest of the Eastern Ghats in India Based on Non-Destructive Method Using Tree Inventory Data

Pragasan LA*
Department of Environmental Sciences, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, India
Corresponding Author : Pragasan LA
Department of Environmental Sciences, Bharathiar University
Coimbatore - 641046, India
Tel: 0422-242-2222
E-mail: [email protected]
Received March 30, 2014; Accepted April 21, 2014; Published April 24, 2014
Citation: Pragasan LA (2014) Carbon Stock Assessment in the Vegetation of the Chitteri Reserve Forest of the Eastern Ghats in India Based on Non-Destructive Method Using Tree Inventory Data. J Earth Sci Climat Change S11:001. doi: 10.4172/2157-7617.S11-001
Copyright: © 2014 Pragasan LA. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 

Abstract

Carbon stock assessment in the vegetation of forest ecosystems has attracted worldwide attention following
their role in the mitigation of greenhouse gas and climate change. The aim of the present study was to assess the
total carbon stock of trees in the Chitteri reserve forest of the Eastern Ghats in India, based on tree inventory. The
entire stretch of the forest covering 742 km2 area was divided into twenty grids of 6.25 km × 6.25 km, and from each
grid a transect of size 5 m × 1000 m was established. A total of 5022 live trees (≥ 9.5 cm diameter at breast height)
representing 143 species were inventoried from the twenty transects (totaling 10 ha). Carbon stock of each tree
was determined by a non-destructive method following standard allometric equation using the tree diameter. The
total carbon stock of the tree vegetation for the 10 ha sampled in the Chitteri reserve forest was 585.50 tonnes. The
average carbon stock for the twenty 0.5 ha transect was 29.28±21.7 tonne. The minimum and maximum carbon
stock estimated for the 20 transects was 1.98 t/0.5 ha and 76.89 t/0.5 ha, respectively. The average carbon stock
sequestered by a single tree was 0.12±0.24 t/tree. The maximum carbon value was observed for Mangifera indica
(1.73 t/tree) and the minimum was for Glycosmis pentaphylla (0.01 t/tree). However, overall contribution to the
total carbon stock of tree vegetation in the Chitteri reserve forest was observed greater for Memecylon edule (8.5
%), followed by Canthium dicoccum var. dicoccum (7.4 %), Anogeissus latifolia (6.4 %), Albizia amara (4.9 %) and
Mangifera indica (4.4 %). A significant strong positive relationship was observed between carbon stock with tree
density (R2=0.689), but not with tree diversity (R2=0.422) and with altitude (R2=0.399) of forest location.

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