Dental Erosion In Patients With Behavioral Disorder: A Review
Received Date: Jun 12, 2018 / Accepted Date: Jul 06, 2018 / Published Date: Jul 17, 2018
Introduction: Dental erosion can be defined as the loss of mineralized tissues due to the action of acids on dental enamel and dentin without the presence of microorganisms. Any acidic substance with a lower pH than the critical pH acting on the enamel and dentin can dissolve the hydroxyapatite crystals of the enamel causing loss of its structure and integrity.
Objective: To characterize and identify perimolysis through a review of the literature available in the most diverse scientific databases, thus helping the dental surgeon in his diagnosis of prevention and treatment.
Methods: Experimental and clinical studies were included (case reports, retrospective, prospective and randomized trials) with qualitative and/or quantitative analysis. The words were included dental erosion, diagnosis and treatment of dental erosion, behavioral disorder, perimolysis. A total of 55 articles were found involving Dental erosion. Initially, it was held the exclusion existing title and duplications in accordance with the interest described this work. After this process, the summaries were evaluated and a new exclusion was held. A total of 37 articles were evaluated in full, and 30 were included and discussed in this study.
Results: Studies show us that when the dental enamel is exposed to an inorganic aqueous solution with pH 4 to 5 unsaturated relative to hydroxyapatite and flouropatite its surface is modified forming then macro and microscopically lesion similar to the erosion. This situation can occur clinically when salivary pH levels are less than 4.5 or when it consumes acidic fruits and drinks frequently leaving the areas exposed whitish and opaque.
Conclusion: Dental erosion is caused by variety and combination of factors and permolysis should always be considered and early diagnosed.
Keywords: Dental erosion; Diagnosis and treatment of dental erosion; Behavioral disorder; Perimolysis
Citation: Colodro JSL, Jacob GR, Aranda NdaS, Filho IJZ, Tempest LM, et al. (2018) Dental Erosion in Patients with Behavioral Disorder: A Review. J Oral Hyg Health 6: 244. Doi: 10.4172/2332-0702.1000244
Copyright: © 2018 Colodro JSL, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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