Design and Fabrication of Biomass Extruder of 50 mm Diameter Briquette SizeMuhammad SN1*, Muhammad AA1, Abdul N1and Anjum M2
- *Corresponding Author:
- Muhammad SN
Department of Structures and Environmental Engineering
University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: December 27, 2015; Accepted date: January 13, 2016; Published date: January 21, 2016
Citation:Muhammad SN, Muhammad AA, Abdul N, Anjum M (2016) Design and Fabrication of Biomass Extruder of 50 Mm Diameter Briquette Size. Innov Ener Res 5:128. doi: 10.4172/ier.1000128
Copyright: © 2016 Muhammad SN, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Agricultural residues are producing in large amount but they are used inefficiently that pollute the environment. Apart from the problems of transportation, storage, and handling, the direct burning of loose biomass in conventional grates is associated with very low thermal efficiency and widespread air pollution. To overcome these problems the biomass materials is compressed as 1000 kg/m3 and can increase its density and durability. In this study a machine was designed to densify grinded biomass materials at optimum level of density to obtain more than 90% durability. The machine was consist on power screw and slotted tapper die. The grinded material of particle size less than 5 mm and moisture contents less than 12% passed through hopper and power screw which was rotating at 300 rpm with a 15 kW electric motor compressed this material through tapper die which was heated externally by electric heaters. The capacity of machine was 200 kg/hr. The payback period of machine was 4 months.